Angular 2 Example service


Example

services/my.service.ts

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

@Injectable()
export class MyService {
  data: any = [1, 2, 3];

  getData() {
    return this.data;
  }
}

The service provider registration in the bootstrap method will make the service available globally.

main.ts

import { bootstrap } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { AppComponent } from 'app.component.ts';
import { MyService } from 'services/my.service';

bootstrap(AppComponent, [MyService]);

In version RC5 global service provider registration can be done inside the module file. In order to get a single instance of your service for your whole application the service should be declared in the providers list in the ngmodule of your application. app_module.ts

import { NgModule }       from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule  } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { routing, appRoutingProviders } from './app-routes/app.routes';
import { HttpModule} from '@angular/http';

import { AppComponent }   from './app.component';
import { MyService } from 'services/my.service';

import { routing } from './app-resources/app-routes/app.routes';

@NgModule({
    declarations: [ AppComponent ],
    imports:      [ BrowserModule,
                    routing,
                    RouterModule,
                    HttpModule ],
    providers: [    appRoutingProviders,
                    MyService
    ],
    bootstrap:    [AppComponent],
})
export class AppModule {}

Usage in MyComponent

components/my.component.ts

Alternative approach to register application providers in application components. If we add providers at component level whenever the component is rendered it will create a new instance of the service.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { MyService } from '../services/my.service';

@Component({
    ...
    ...
    providers:[MyService] //
 })
export class MyComponent implements OnInit {
    data: any[];
    // Creates private variable myService to use, of type MyService
    constructor(private myService: MyService) { }

    ngOnInit() {
        this.data = this.myService.getData();
    }
}