Python Language Funzione complementare: filterfalse, ifilterfalse


Esempio

C'è una funzione complementare per il filter nel modulo- itertools :

Python 2.x 2.0.1
 # not recommended in real use but keeps the example valid for python 2.x and python 3.x
from itertools import ifilterfalse as filterfalse
Python 3.x 3.0.0
from itertools import filterfalse

che funziona esattamente come il filter generatore ma mantiene solo gli elementi che sono False :

# Usage without function (None):
list(filterfalse(None, [1, 0, 2, [], '', 'a']))  # discards 1, 2, 'a' 
# Out: [0, [], '']

# Usage with function
names = ['Fred', 'Wilma', 'Barney']

def long_name(name):
    return len(name) > 5

list(filterfalse(long_name, names))
# Out: ['Fred', 'Wilma']

# Short-circuit useage with next:
car_shop = [('Toyota', 1000), ('rectangular tire', 80), ('Porsche', 5000)]
def find_something_smaller_than(name_value_tuple):
    print('Check {0}, {1}$'.format(*name_value_tuple)
    return name_value_tuple[1] < 100
next(filterfalse(find_something_smaller_than, car_shop))
# Print: Check Toyota, 1000$
# Out: ('Toyota', 1000)

# Using an equivalent generator:
car_shop = [('Toyota', 1000), ('rectangular tire', 80), ('Porsche', 5000)]
generator = (car for car in car_shop if not car[1] < 100)
next(generator)