Python Language Uso di base del filtro


Esempio

Per filter elementi degli scarti di una sequenza in base ad alcuni criteri:

names = ['Fred', 'Wilma', 'Barney']

def long_name(name):
    return len(name) > 5
Python 2.x 2.0
filter(long_name, names)
# Out: ['Barney']

[name for name in names if len(name) > 5] # equivalent list comprehension
# Out: ['Barney']


from itertools import ifilter
ifilter(long_name, names)       # as generator (similar to python 3.x filter builtin)
# Out: <itertools.ifilter at 0x4197e10>
list(ifilter(long_name, names)) # equivalent to filter with lists
# Out: ['Barney']

(name for name in names if len(name) > 5) # equivalent generator expression
# Out: <generator object <genexpr> at 0x0000000003FD5D38>
Python 2.x 2.6
# Besides the options for older python 2.x versions there is a future_builtin function:
from future_builtins import filter
filter(long_name, names)       # identical to itertools.ifilter
# Out: <itertools.ifilter at 0x3eb0ba8>
Python 3.x 3.0
filter(long_name, names)        # returns a generator
# Out: <filter at 0x1fc6e443470>
list(filter(long_name, names))  # cast to list
# Out: ['Barney']

(name for name in names if len(name) > 5) # equivalent generator expression
# Out: <generator object <genexpr> at 0x000001C6F49BF4C0>