Microsoft SQL Server @@IDENTITY

Example

CREATE TABLE dbo.logging_table(log_id INT IDENTITY(1,1) PRIMARY KEY, 
                               log_message VARCHAR(255))

CREATE TABLE dbo.person(person_id INT IDENTITY(1,1) PRIMARY KEY, 
                        person_name VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL)
GO;

CREATE TRIGGER dbo.InsertToADifferentTable ON dbo.person  
AFTER INSERT  
AS
    INSERT INTO dbo.logging_table(log_message)
    VALUES('Someone added something to the person table')
GO;

INSERT INTO dbo.person(person_name)
VALUES('John Doe')    

SELECT @@IDENTITY;

This will return the most recently-added identity on the same connection, regardless of scope. In this case, whatever the current value of the identity column on logging_table is, assuming no other activity is occurring on the instance of SQL Server and no other triggers fire from this insert.