Tutorial by Examples



In order to compare Strings for equality, you should use the String object's equals or equalsIgnoreCase methods. For example, the following snippet will determine if the two instances of String are equal on all characters: String firstString = "Test123"; String secondString = "Test...
The String type provides two methods for converting strings between upper case and lower case: toUpperCase to convert all characters to upper case toLowerCase to convert all characters to lower case These methods both return the converted strings as new String instances: the original String o...
To check whether a particular String a is being contained in a String b or not, we can use the method String.contains() with the following syntax: b.contains(a); // Return true if a is contained in b, false otherwise The String.contains() method can be used to verify if a CharSequence can be fou...
In order to get the length of a String object, call the length() method on it. The length is equal to the number of UTF-16 code units (chars) in the string. String str = "Hello, World!"; System.out.println(str.length()); // Prints out 13 Live Demo on Ideone A char in a String is UTF...
String s = "this is an example"; String a = s.substring(11); // a will hold the string starting at character 11 until the end ("example") String b = s.substring(5, 10); // b will hold the string starting at character 5 and ending right before character 10 ("is an") S...
String str = "My String"; System.out.println(str.charAt(0)); // "M" System.out.println(str.charAt(1)); // "y" System.out.println(str.charAt(2)); // " " System.out.println(str.charAt(str.length-1)); // Last character "g" To get the nth charac...
Since the new line separator varies from platform to platform (e.g. \n on Unix-like systems or \r\n on Windows) it is often necessary to have a platform-independent way of accessing it. In Java it can be retrieved from a system property: System.getProperty("line.separator") Java SE 7 ...
Suppose you have defined the following Person class: public class Person { String name; int age; public Person (int age, String name) { this.age = age; this.name = name; } } If you instantiate a new Person object: Person person = new Person(25, &qu...
You can split a String on a particular delimiting character or a Regular Expression, you can use the String.split() method that has the following signature: public String[] split(String regex) Note that delimiting character or regular expression gets removed from the resulting String Array. Exa...
Java SE 8 An array of strings can be joined using the static method String.join(): String[] elements = { "foo", "bar", "foobar" }; String singleString = String.join(" + ", elements); System.out.println(singleString); // Prints "foo + bar + foobar&qu...
There are a couple ways you can reverse a string to make it backwards. StringBuilder/StringBuffer: String code = "code"; System.out.println(code); StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(code); code = sb.reverse().toString(); System.out.println(code); Char array: S...
countMatches method from org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils is typically used to count occurences of a substring or character in a String: import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils; String text = "One fish, two fish, red fish, blue fish"; // count occurrences of a substring Str...
String concatenation can be performed using the + operator. For example: String s1 = "a"; String s2 = "b"; String s3 = "c"; String s = s1 + s2 + s3; // abc Normally a compiler implementation will perform the above concatenation using methods involving a StringBui...
Two ways to replace: by regex or by exact match. Note: the original String object will be unchanged, the return value holds the changed String. Exact match Replace single character with another single character: String replace(char oldChar, char newChar) Returns a new string resulting from...
The trim() method returns a new String with the leading and trailing whitespace removed. String s = new String(" Hello World!! "); String t = s.trim(); // t = "Hello World!!" If you trim a String that doesn't have any whitespace to remove, you will be returned the same S...
Like many Java objects, all String instances are created on the heap, even literals. When the JVM finds a String literal that has no equivalent reference in the heap, the JVM creates a corresponding String instance on the heap and it also stores a reference to the newly created String instance in th...
Java SE 7 switch itself can not be parameterised to be case insensitive, but if absolutely required, can behave insensitive to the input string by using toLowerCase() or toUpperCase: switch (myString.toLowerCase()) { case "case1" : ... break; case &...

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