Tutorial by Examples



public interface MyInterface { public void foo(); int bar(); public String TEXT = "Hello"; int ANSWER = 42; public class X { } class Y { } } Interface members always have public visibility, even if the public keyword is omitted. So both foo...
Visible to the class, package, and subclass. Let's see an example with the class Test. public class Test{ public int number = 2; public Test(){ } } Now let's try to create an instance of the class. In this example, we can access number because it is public. public class Ot...
private visibility allows a variable to only be accessed by its class. They are often used in conjunction with public getters and setters. class SomeClass { private int variable; public int getVariable() { return variable; } public void setVariable(int variable) { ...
With no modifier, the default is package visibility. From the Java Documentation, "[package visibility] indicates whether classes in the same package as the class (regardless of their parentage) have access to the member." In this example from javax.swing, package javax.swing; public abs...
Protected visibility causes means that this member is visible to its package, along with any of its subclasses. As an example: package com.stackexchange.docs; public class MyClass{ protected int variable; //This is the variable that we are trying to access public MyClass(){ var...
Access ModifierVisibilityInheritancePrivateClass onlyCan't be inheritedNo modifier / PackageIn packageAvailable if subclass in packageProtectedIn packageAvailable in subclassPublicEverywhereAvailable in subclass There was once a private protected (both keywords at once) modifier that could be appli...

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