Looking for bitcoin Answers? Try Ask4KnowledgeBase
Looking for bitcoin Keywords? Try Ask4Keywords

bitcoinНачало работы с биткойном


В этом разделе представлен обзор того, что такое биткойн, и почему разработчик может захотеть его использовать.

Следует также упомянуть любые крупные предметы в биткойне и ссылки на связанные темы. Поскольку документация для биткойна новая, вам может потребоваться создать начальные версии этих связанных тем.

Установка или настройка

В дистрибутивах на основе Debian (например, Ubuntu) выполните следующие действия.

Получить биткойн пакет:
apt-add-repository ppa:bitcoin/bitcoin

apt-get update

apt-get install bitcoind –y


После перезагрузки убедитесь, что биткойн был установлен, проверив каталог ~/.bitcoin или выполнив биткойн:

Конфигурация узла


Файл bitcoin.conf позволяет настроить ваш узел. Создайте новый файл в текстовом редакторе и сохраните его как bitcoin.conf в каталоге /bitcoin .

Местоположение вашего /bitcoin каталога зависит от вашей операционной системы.

Windows XP C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Application Data\Bitcoin
Windows Vista, 7, 10 C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Roaming\Bitcoin
Linux /home/<username>/.bitcoin
Mac OSX /Users/<username>/Library/Application Support/Bitcoin

Какой типичный файл bitcoin.conf может выглядеть так:


Ниже приведен список доступных параметров и настроек, доступных для исходного кода Bitcoin.

-?    This help message    
-alerts    Receive and display P2P network alerts (default: 1)     
-alertnotify=<cmd>    Execute command when a relevant alert is received or we see a really long fork (%s in cmd is replaced by message)     
-blocknotify=<cmd>    Execute command when the best block changes (%s in cmd is replaced by block hash)      
-checkblocks=<n>    How many blocks to check at startup (default: 288, 0 = all)      
-checklevel=<n>    How thorough the block verification of -checkblocks is (0-4, default: 3)      
-conf=<file>    Specify configuration file (default: bitcoin.conf)       
-datadir=<dir>    Specify data directory
-dbcache=<n>    Set database cache size in megabytes (4 to 16384, default: 100)     
-loadblock=<file>    Imports blocks from external blk000??.dat file on startup      
-maxorphantx=<n>    Keep at most <n> unconnectable transactions in memory (default: 100)     
-maxmempool=<n>    Keep the transaction memory pool below <n> megabytes (default: 300)     
-mempoolexpiry=<n>    Do not keep transactions in the mempool longer than <n> hours (default: 72)     
-par=<n>    Set the number of script verification threads (-2 to 16, 0 = auto, <0 = leave that many cores free, default: 0)      
-prune=<n>    Reduce storage requirements by pruning (deleting) old blocks. This mode is incompatible with -txindex and -rescan. Warning: Reverting this setting requires re-downloading the entire blockchain. (default: 0 = disable pruning blocks, >550 = target size in MiB to use for block files)    
-reindex    Rebuild block chain index from current blk000??.dat files on startup     
-txindex    Maintain a full transaction index, used by the getrawtransaction rpc call (default: 0)     

Connection options:      
-addnode=<ip>    Add a node to connect to and attempt to keep the connection open       
-banscore=<n>    Threshold for disconnecting misbehaving peers (default: 100)     
-bantime=<n>    Number of seconds to keep misbehaving peers from reconnecting (default: 86400)      
-bind=<addr>    Bind to given address and always listen on it. Use [host]:port notation for IPv6       
-connect=<ip>    Connect only to the specified node(s)      
-discover    Discover own IP addresses (default: 1 when listening and no -externalip or -proxy)      
-dns    Allow DNS lookups for -addnode, -seednode and -connect (default: 1)     
-dnsseed    Query for peer addresses via DNS lookup, if low on addresses (default: 1 unless -connect)     
-externalip=<ip>    Specify your own public address     
-forcednsseed    Always query for peer addresses via DNS lookup (default: 0)      
-listen    Accept connections from outside (default: 1 if no -proxy or -connect)      
-listenonion    Automatically create Tor hidden service (default: 1)     
-maxconnections=<n>    Maintain at most <n> connections to peers (default: 125)       
-maxreceivebuffer=<n>    Maximum per-connection receive buffer, <n>*1000 bytes (default: 5000)     
-maxsendbuffer=<n>    Maximum per-connection send buffer, <n>*1000 bytes (default: 1000)     
-onion=<ip:port>    Use separate SOCKS5 proxy to reach peers via Tor hidden services (default: -proxy)      
-onlynet=<net>    Only connect to nodes in network <net> (ipv4, ipv6 or onion)      
-permitbaremultisig    Relay non-P2SH multisig (default: 1)     
-peerbloomfilters    Support filtering of blocks and transaction with bloom filters (default: 1)     
-port=<port>    Listen for connections on <port> (default: 8333 or testnet: 18333)      
-proxy=<ip:port>    Connect through SOCKS5 proxy      
-proxyrandomize    Randomize credentials for every proxy connection. This enables Tor stream isolation (default: 1)      
-seednode=<ip>    Connect to a node to retrieve peer addresses, and disconnect     
-timeout=<n>    Specify connection timeout in milliseconds (minimum: 1, default: 5000)      
-torcontrol=<ip>:<port>    Tor control port to use if onion listening enabled (default:      
-torpassword=<pass>    Tor control port password (default: empty)     
-upnp    Use UPnP to map the listening port (default: 0)      
-whitebind=<addr>    Bind to given address and whitelist peers connecting to it. Use [host]:port notation for IPv6      
-whitelist=<netmask>    Whitelist peers connecting from the given netmask or IP address. Can be specified multiple times. Whitelisted peers cannot be DoS banned and their transactions are always relayed, even if they are already in the mempool, useful e.g. for a gateway      
-whitelistalwaysrelay    Always relay transactions received from whitelisted peers (default: 1)      
-maxuploadtarget=<n>    Tries to keep outbound traffic under the given target (in MiB per 24h), 0 = no limit (default: 0)      
Wallet options:     
-disablewallet    Do not load the wallet and disable wallet RPC calls      
-keypool=<n>    Set key pool size to <n> (default: 100)      
-fallbackfee=<amt>    A fee rate (in BTC/kB) that will be used when fee estimation has insufficient data (default: 0.0002)      
-mintxfee=<amt>    Fees (in BTC/kB) smaller than this are considered zero fee for transaction creation (default: 0.00001)      
-paytxfee=<amt>    Fee (in BTC/kB) to add to transactions you send (default: 0.00)     
-rescan    Rescan the block chain for missing wallet transactions on startup      
-salvagewallet    Attempt to recover private keys from a corrupt wallet.dat on startup      
-sendfreetransactions    Send transactions as zero-fee transactions if possible (default: 0)      
-spendzeroconfchange    Spend unconfirmed change when sending transactions (default: 1)     
-txconfirmtarget=<n>    If paytxfee is not set, include enough fee so transactions begin confirmation on average within n blocks (default: 2)      
-maxtxfee=<amt>    Maximum total fees (in BTC) to use in a single wallet transaction; setting this too low may abort large transactions (default: 0.10)      
-upgradewallet    Upgrade wallet to latest format on startup      
-wallet=<file>    Specify wallet file (within data directory) (default: wallet.dat)     
-walletbroadcast    Make the wallet broadcast transactions (default: 1)     
-walletnotify=<cmd>    Execute command when a wallet transaction changes (%s in cmd is replaced by TxID)      
-zapwallettxes=<mode>    Delete all wallet transactions and only recover those parts of the blockchain through -rescan on startup (1 = keep tx meta data e.g. account owner and payment request information, 2 = drop tx meta data)       
Debugging/Testing options:       
-debug=<category>    Output debugging information (default: 0, supplying <category> is optional). If <category> is not supplied or if <category> = 1, output all debugging information.<category> can be: addrman, alert, bench, coindb, db, lock, rand, rpc, selectcoins, mempool, mempoolrej, net, proxy, prune, http, libevent, tor, zmq, qt.       
-gen    Generate coins (default: 0)      
-genproclimit=<n>    Set the number of threads for coin generation if enabled (-1 = all cores, default: 1)      
-help-debug    Show all debugging options (usage: --help -help-debug)      
-logips    Include IP addresses in debug output (default: 0)      
-logtimestamps    Prepend debug output with timestamp (default: 1)      
-printtoconsole    Send trace/debug info to console instead of debug.log file     
-shrinkdebugfile    Shrink debug.log file on client startup (default: 1 when no -debug)      

Chain selection options:     
-testnet    Use the test chain    

Node relay options:     
-minrelaytxfee=<amt>    Fees (in BTC/kB) smaller than this are considered zero fee for relaying, mining and transaction creation (default: 0.00001)      
-limitfreerelay=<n>    Rate-limit free transactions to <n>*1000 bytes per minute (default: 15)      
-bytespersigop    Minimum bytes per sigop in transactions we relay and mine (default: 20)      
-datacarrier    Relay and mine data carrier transactions (default: 1)     
-datacarriersize    Maximum size of data in data carrier transactions we relay and mine (default: 83)     

Block creation options:      
-blockminsize=<n>    Set minimum block size in bytes (default: 0)      
-blockmaxsize=<n>    Set maximum block size in bytes (default: 750000)      
-blockprioritysize=<n>    Set maximum size of high-priority/low-fee transactions in bytes (default: 0)      
RPC server options:     
-server    Accept command line and JSON-RPC commands      
-rest    Accept public REST requests (default: 0)      
-rpcbind=<addr>    Bind to given address to listen for JSON-RPC connections. Use [host]:port notation for IPv6. This option can be specified multiple times (default: bind to all interfaces)      
-rpcuser=<user>    Username for JSON-RPC connections      
-rpcpassword=<pw>    Password for JSON-RPC connections       
-rpcauth=<userpw>    Username and hashed password for JSON-RPC connections. The field <userpw> comes in the format: <USERNAME>:<SALT>$<HASH>. A canonical python script is included in share/rpcuser. This option can be specified multiple times      
-rpcport=<port>    Listen for JSON-RPC connections on <port> (default: 8332 or testnet: 18332)      
-rpcallowip=<ip>    Allow JSON-RPC connections from specified source. Valid for <ip> are a single IP (e.g., a network/netmask (e.g. or a network/CIDR (e.g. This option can be specified multiple times      
-rpcthreads=<n>    Set the number of threads to service RPC calls (default: 4)       

UI Options:      
-choosedatadir    Choose data directory on startup (default: 0)      
-lang=<lang>    Set language, for example "de_DE" (default: system locale)      
-min    Start minimized     
-rootcertificates=<file>    Set SSL root certificates for payment request (default: -system-)     
-splash    Show splash screen on startup (default: 1)     
-resetguisettings    Reset all settings changes made over the GUI 

Многие логические параметры также могут быть отключены, указав их с префиксом «нет»: например, -nodnseed

Источник: https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Running_Bitcoin