Operational System Setup (Linux-CentOS x64 or RedHat x64)
1-Increase the swap space to a minimum of 2 Gb
2-Space and CPU requirements:
-Vertica requires at least 1 GB per CPU.
-disk utilization per node should no more than sixty percent (60%). Disk space is temporarily required by certain query execution operators, such as hash joins and sorts, in the case when they have to spill to disk.
-configure TEMP SPACE separate from data disk space.
3-Install the prerequisite for Vertica Cluster
yum install rsync python* telnet ruby* java* sudo openssh-server openssh-clients chkconfig sshd on service sshd start
4-Edit the /etc/pam.d/su file
vi /etc/pam.d/su #add the line session required pam_limits.so
5-Verify that the NTP Daemon is Running
chkconfig --list ntpd #if is not on use the commands chkconfig ntpd on #start ntp service /etc/init.d/ntpd start
6-Remove Nonessential Applications
For optimal performance, Vertica is designed to use all available resources on each host machine. Vertica recommends that you remove or disable all non-essential applications from cluster hosts.
7-Configuring the Network
Alter the /etc/hosts file. Make sure file exists and that it contains the loopback address 127.0.0.1
7.1-Setting Up Cluster Hosts
Make sure that the /etc/hosts file includes all of the hosts that become part of the cluster. For example, if the hosts are named host01, host02, host03, and host04, the /etc/hosts file on each host looks like this:
# Do not remove the following line, or various programs # that require network functionality will fail. 127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost 192.xxx.13.128 host01 192.xxx.13.129 host02 192.xxx.13.130 host03 192.xxx.13.131 host04
This should be done in all hosts(nodes)
7.2- Edit the /etc/sysconfig/network file :
vim /etc/ sysconfig/network Alter the hostname and set it to the desired name : HOSTNAME=host01
7.3 Setting the HOSTNAME Environment Variable
vim /etc/profile or /etc/bashrc Add the line export HOSTNAME=hostname
7.4-Verify that the hostname resolution works correctly Verify this with the command
Restart the hosts(nodes) Make sure you do all this steps in all Hosts(nodes)as root user.
7.5 Disable the firewall
Firewalls not recommended for database hosts SELinux (Security-Enhanced Linux) Iptables
7.6 Provide Root and for dbadmin user to SSH Access to the Cluster
Steps to do it for root or dbadmin user:
[root@Vertica_Master1 ~]# ssh-keygen Generating public/private rsa key pair. Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): /root/.ssh/id_rsa already exists. Overwrite (y/n) y Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): Enter same passphrase again: Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa. Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub. The key fingerprint is: 7c:b5:11:48:d3:c1:e6:f5:80:b3:4a:4a:93:ed:16:99 root@Vertica_Master1 The key's randomart image is: +--[ RSA 2048]----+ | .o+oo | | ..*.o | | o =o+ o | | .+ E.oo .| | .S=.o. | | ..+ | | . | | | | | +-----------------+ [root@Vertica_Master1 ~]# cd ~ [root@Vertica_Master1 ~]# chmod 700 .ssh [root@Vertica_Master1 ~]# cd .ssh/ [root@Vertica_Master1 .ssh]# cp id_rsa.pub authorized_keys
Do on all hosts the steps show upper and then follow the next steps
[root@Vertica_Master1 .ssh]# cat id_rsa.pub ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEArX26Pgsyvkw+o0Vimm26FSOAtTh9C9 mZ+tS7LfO92y7RDKsSm38tSQO/p1f2NWP6UzAam8dG77Zo8W+wjwF6bEJbFU9Gq+S/j hETD8bMTKh6odZNhXmZanddvH4qnA0eKngAPe9Y93udA6kEYGpA0sCWMFcbrtvwraz7@Vertica_Master1 [root@Vertica_Master1 .ssh]# ssh root@Vertica_Master2 The authenticity of host 'vertica_master2 (10.xxx.1.224)' can't be established. RSA key fingerprint is ff:9c:48:27:7d:6b:a1:39:5a:17:d0:a3:a3:9d:f0:48. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no) yes Warning: Permanently added 'vertica_master2,10.xxx.1.224' (RSA) to the list of known hosts. root@vertica_master2's password:xxxxxx- this is the password for the root user Last login: Tue Sep 4 15:11:35 2012 from e05347 -bash: Vertica_Master2: command not found [root@Vertica_Master2 ~]# hostname-check to see that you are on the Vertica_Master2 Vertica_Master2 [root@Vertica_Master1 .ssh]# vim authorized_keys
And copy the the content of the id_rsa.pub into authorized_keys and save it .
Do this for all hosts so that they all have the keys form all hosts in their authorized_keys file.
-and so on if you have more hosts in your cluster.
8 -Download and install Vertica software on Master Node(where you will run the Administrative jobs of the cluster)
As root :
#rpm -ihv vertica-<version>.x86_64.RHEL5.rpm After entering the command, a progress indicator appears: Preparing... ##################################### [100%] 1:vertica ##################################### [100%] Vertica 6.0.xx successfully installed on host hostname.
Normally by default vertica will be installed into /opt/vertica dir.
8.1- Run the Install Script
On the master node run the following command(The master node would be the node you most access for admin work)
/opt/vertica/sbin/install_vertica -s host_list -r rpm_package -u dba_username
Where options are : -s host_list comma-separated list of hostnames or IP addresses to include in the cluster; do not include space characters in the list. Example :
-r rpm_package The pathname of the Vertica RPM package.
-r "vertica_6.0.x.x86_64.RHEL5.rpm" -u dba_username -this will be the name of the user how will run the admintools(only)
Example of full command for 3 nodes cluster :
# /opt/vertica/sbin/install_vertica -s 10.xxx.1.216,10.xxx.1.224,10.xxx.1.225 -r /home/user/Downloads/vertica-6.0.0-3.x86_64.RHEL5.rpm -u dbadmin
9 – Create the Vertica Data and Catalog directories on each node:
Directory names are totally up to you. Remember that database user must have owner rights over them.
Note: this refers to extra directories added after installation
mkdir /vertica_db/data mkdir /vertica_db/data chown dbadmin:dbadmin vertica_db/
10- Add the /opt/vertica/bin to you dbadmin user path so you can access the vertica tools without the full path.
11- Access the adminTool and you will be asked to introduce the licence.dat file provided by Vertica.(this applies only for Enterprise Edition).
12- Create the database and chose on which nodes it will reside !! Follow the next steps to see how to create a database that will reside on the Vertica Cluster .