Dapper.NET One-to-many mapping

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Example

Let's look at a more complex example that contains a one-to-many relationship. Our query will now contain multiple rows containing duplicate data and we will need to handle this. We do this with a lookup in a closure.

The query changes slightly as do the example classes.

IdNameBornCountryIdCountryNameBookIdBookName
1Daniel Dennett19421United States of America1Brainstorms
1Daniel Dennett19421United States of America2Elbow Room
2Sam Harris19671United States of America3The Moral Landscape
2Sam Harris19671United States of America4Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion
3Richard Dawkins19412United Kingdom5The Magic of Reality: How We Know What`s Really True
3Richard Dawkins19412United Kingdom6An Appetite for Wonder: The Making of a Scientist
public class Person
{
    public int Id { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public int Born { get; set; }
    public Country Residience { get; set; }
    public ICollection<Book> Books { get; set; }
}

public class Country
{
    public int CountryId { get; set; }
    public string CountryName { get; set; }
}

public class Book
{
    public int BookId { get; set; }
    public string BookName { get; set; }
}

The dictionaryremainingHorsemen will be populated with fully materialized instances of the person objects. For each row of the query result the mapped values of instances of the types defined in the lambda arguments are passed in and it is up to you how to handle this.

            var sql = @"SELECT 1 AS Id, 'Daniel Dennett' AS Name, 1942 AS Born, 1 AS CountryId, 'United States of America' AS CountryName, 1 AS BookId, 'Brainstorms' AS BookName
UNION ALL SELECT 1 AS Id, 'Daniel Dennett' AS Name, 1942 AS Born, 1 AS CountryId, 'United States of America' AS CountryName, 2 AS BookId, 'Elbow Room' AS BookName
UNION ALL SELECT 2 AS Id, 'Sam Harris' AS Name, 1967 AS Born, 1 AS CountryId,  'United States of America' AS CountryName, 3 AS BookId, 'The Moral Landscape' AS BookName
UNION ALL SELECT 2 AS Id, 'Sam Harris' AS Name, 1967 AS Born, 1 AS CountryId,  'United States of America' AS CountryName, 4 AS BookId, 'Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion' AS BookName
UNION ALL SELECT 3 AS Id, 'Richard Dawkins' AS Name, 1941 AS Born, 2 AS CountryId,  'United Kingdom' AS CountryName, 5 AS BookId, 'The Magic of Reality: How We Know What`s Really True' AS BookName
UNION ALL SELECT 3 AS Id, 'Richard Dawkins' AS Name, 1941 AS Born, 2 AS CountryId,  'United Kingdom' AS CountryName, 6 AS BookId, 'An Appetite for Wonder: The Making of a Scientist' AS BookName";

var remainingHorsemen = new Dictionary<int, Person>();
connection.Query<Person, Country, Book, Person>(sql, (person, country, book) => {
    //person
    Person personEntity;
    //trip
    if (!remainingHorsemen.TryGetValue(person.Id, out personEntity))
    {
        remainingHorsemen.Add(person.Id, personEntity = person);
    }

    //country
    if(personEntity.Residience == null)
    {
        if (country == null)
        {
            country = new Country { CountryName = "" };
        }
        personEntity.Residience = country;
    }                    

    //books
    if(personEntity.Books == null)
    {
        personEntity.Books = new List<Book>();
    }

    if (book != null)
    {
        if (!personEntity.Books.Any(x => x.BookId == book.BookId))
        {
            personEntity.Books.Add(book);
        }
    }

    return personEntity;
}, 
splitOn: "CountryId,BookId");

Note how the splitOn argument is a comma delimited list of the first columns of the next type.

Simple multi-table mapping