Tutorial by Examples



An array can be initialized empty: // An empty array $foo = array(); // Shorthand notation available since PHP 5.4 $foo = []; An array can be initialized and preset with values: // Creates a simple array with three strings $fruit = array('apples', 'pears', 'oranges'); // Shorthand no...
Use array_key_exists() or isset() or !empty(): $map = [ 'foo' => 1, 'bar' => null, 'foobar' => '', ]; array_key_exists('foo', $map); // true isset($map['foo']); // true !empty($map['foo']); // true array_key_exists('bar', $map); // true isset($map['bar']); // false...
The function in_array() returns true if an item exists in an array. $fruits = ['banana', 'apple']; $foo = in_array('banana', $fruits); // $foo value is true $bar = in_array('orange', $fruits); // $bar value is false You can also use the function array_search() to get the key of a specifi...
The function is_array() returns true if a variable is an array. $integer = 1337; $array = [1337, 42]; is_array($integer); // false is_array($array); // true You can type hint the array type in a function to enforce a parameter type; passing anything else will result in a fatal error. funct...
Another useful feature is accessing your custom object collections as arrays in PHP. There are two interfaces available in PHP (>=5.0.0) core to support this: ArrayAccess and Iterator. The former allows you to access your custom objects as array. ArrayAccess Assume we have a user class and a da...
$username = 'Hadibut'; $email = 'hadibut@example.org'; $variables = compact('username', 'email'); // $variables is now ['username' => 'Hadibut', 'email' => 'hadibut@example.org'] This method is often used in frameworks to pass an array of variables between two components.

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