Tutorial by Examples



This is an example of a default build.gradle file in a module. apply plugin: 'com.android.application' android { compileSdkVersion 25 buildToolsVersion '25.0.3' signingConfigs { applicationName { keyAlias 'applicationName' keyPassword 'password...
Product flavors are defined in the build.gradle file inside the android { ... } block as seen below. ... android { ... productFlavors { free { applicationId "com.example.app.free" versionName "1.0-free" } paid { ...
Dependencies can be added for a specific product flavor, similar to how they can be added for specific build configurations. For this example, assume that we have already defined two product flavors called free and paid (more on defining flavors here). We can then add the AdMob dependency for the ...
Resources can be added for a specific product flavor. For this example, assume that we have already defined two product flavors called free and paid. In order to add product flavor-specific resources, we create additional resource folders alongside the main/res folder, which we can then add resourc...
BuildConfigField Gradle allows buildConfigField lines to define constants. These constants will be accessible at runtime as static fields of the BuildConfig class. This can be used to create flavors by defining all fields within the defaultConfig block, then overriding them for individual build fla...
When working with multi-module projects, it is helpful to centralize dependencies in a single location rather than having them spread across many build files, especially for common libraries such as the Android support libraries and the Firebase libraries. One recommended way is to separate the Gra...
Different flavors of application builds can contain different resources. To create a flavor-specific resource make a directory with the lower-case name of your flavor in the src directory and add your resources in the same way you would normally. For example, if you had a flavour Development and w...
<PROJECT_ROOT>\app\build.gradle is specific for app module. <PROJECT_ROOT>\build.gradle is a "Top-level build file" where you can add configuration options common to all sub-projects/modules. If you use another module in your project, as a local library you would have another...
A shell script is a very versatile way to extend your build to basically anything you can think of. As an exmaple, here is a simple script to compile protobuf files and add the result java files to the source directory for further compilation: def compilePb() { exec { // NOTICE: grad...
The following is an excerpt from Gradle - What is a non-zero exit value and how do I fix it?, see it for the full discussion. Let's say you are developing an application and you get some Gradle error that appears that generally will look like so. :module:someTask FAILED FAILURE: Build failed with...
You can specify different application IDs or package names for each buildType or productFlavor using the applicationIdSuffix configuration attribute: Example of suffixing the applicationId for each buildType: defaultConfig { applicationId "com.package.android" minSdkVersion 17 ...
You can define the signing configuration to sign the apk in the build.gradle file using these properties: storeFile : the keystore file storePassword: the keystore password keyAlias: a key alias name keyPassword: A key alias password In many case you may need to avoid this kind of info in ...
You can use Gradle to auto-increment your package version each time you build it. To do so create a version.properties file in the same directory as your build.gradle with the following contents: VERSION_MAJOR=0 VERSION_MINOR=1 VERSION_BUILD=1 (Changing the values for major and minor as you s...
This is the code for changing output application file name (.apk). The name can be configured by assigning a different value to newName android { applicationVariants.all { variant -> def newName = "ApkName"; variant.outputs.each { output -> def ...
If you are optimizing all images manually, disable APT Cruncher for a smaller APK file size. android { aaptOptions { cruncherEnabled = false } }
For enabling Proguard configurations for your application you need to enable it in your module-level gradle file. You need to set the value of minifyEnabled to true. buildTypes { release { minifyEnabled true proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.t...
Enable and configure the experimental Gradle plugin to improve AndroidStudio's NDK support. Check that you fulfill the following requirements: Gradle 2.10 (for this example) Android NDK r10 or later Android SDK with build tools v19.0.0 or later Configure MyApp/build.gradle file Edit the dep...
gradlew tasks -- show all tasks Android tasks ------------- androidDependencies - Displays the Android dependencies of the project. signingReport - Displays the signing info for each variant. sourceSets - Prints out all the source sets defined in this project. Build tasks -----------...
If you don't need automatically generated apk files with unaligned suffix (which you probably don't), you may add the following code to build.gradle file: // delete unaligned files android.applicationVariants.all { variant -> variant.assemble.doLast { variant.outputs.each { output ->...
For some reasons you may want to ignore your build variants. For example: you have 'mock' product flavour and you use it only for debug purposes, such as unit/instrumentation tests. Let's ignore mockRelease variant from our project. Open build.gradle file and write: // Remove mockRelease as it...

Page 1 of 2