Getting started with google-maps-api-3

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Remarks

Official Google Documentation

About the examples in this topic

  • YOUR_API_KEY needs to be replaced by your own application API key. You can obtain an API key and configure it in the Google API Console.

Basics

CSS

Here are the minimum CSS rules that Google advises you to use, in a separate CSS file, or within an HTML style tag, e.g. <style type="text/css">...</style> .

html, body {
    height: 100%; 
    margin: 0; 
    padding: 0;
}

#map {
    height: 400px;
}
 

HTML

Google recommends that you declare a true DOCTYPE within your web application.

<!DOCTYPE html>
 

Use the following script tag to load the Google Maps JavaScript API in your application.

<script async defer
  src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initialize">
</script>
 

Create an HTML element to hold the map.

<div id="map"></div>
 

JavaScript

Here is a very simple example displaying a Map and a Marker.

function initialize() {

    // Create a LatLng object
    // We use this LatLng object to center the map and position the marker
    var center = new google.maps.LatLng(50,0);

    // Declare your map options
    var mapOptions = {
        zoom: 4,
        center: center,
        mapTypeId: google.maps.MapTypeId.ROADMAP
    };

    // Create a map in the #map HTML element, using the declared options
    var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), mapOptions);

    // Create a marker and place it on the map
    var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
        position: center,
        map: map
    });
}
 

Complete example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>Simple Map</title>
        <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0">
        <meta charset="utf-8">
        <style>
            html, body {
                height: 100%;
                margin: 0;
                padding: 0;
            }

            #map {
                height: 400px;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <div id="map"></div>
        <script>
            function initialize() {

                // Create a LatLng object
                // We use this LatLng object to center the map and position the marker
                var center = new google.maps.LatLng(50, 0);

                // Declare your map options
                var mapOptions = {
                    zoom: 4,
                    center: center,
                    mapTypeId: google.maps.MapTypeId.ROADMAP
                };

                // Create a map in the #map HTML element, using the declared options
                var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), mapOptions);

                // Create a marker and place it on the map
                var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
                    position: center,
                    map: map
                });
            }
        </script>
        <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initialize" async defer></script>
    </body>

</html>
 

Demo

JSFiddle demo

More info

Please read this topic's Remarks for more information.

Place the user's pin in the map.


Note, if you are not familiar with the google maps api, you may read the precedent example (basics) in order to understand this little example.


  • First, initialize the map.

You may add an map's element in your HTML code and a bite of CSS like this:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
  /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
   * element that contains the map. */
  #map {
    height: 100%;
  }
  /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
  html, body {
    height: 100%;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
  }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div id="map"></div>
</body>
</html>
 

Now, you have to add the google maps library into your code with a balise script like this:

<script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap"
async defer></script>
 

You may remplace YOUR_API_KEY in the code by a google api key. The is a link to get a key.

Next, you have to write in your code a function witch serve as a callback (or a function of initialization) for your map. Here, we just add a small function witch you can find on google here:

function initMap() {
    map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
      center: {lat: -34.397, lng: 150.644},
      zoom: 8
    });
  }
 

Now you normally have a basic map on your screen. You can find the complete code on google.


  • Second, find the user position.

To request the user position, there is a very simple function witch is provided by the navigator:

navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(showPosition);
 

Note that this function accept a parameter. It is a function to call if the geolocation is successful.

We have to create this function. :)

function showPosition(position) {
    alert (position);    
}
 

This function is very simple and we will have to update it after in order to plot a marker on the user position.

The geolocation's function witch we use here is very simple. You can have the complete documentation on w3schools.

At his point the code looks like this:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
  <title>Simple Map</title>
  <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0">
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <style>
    /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
      * element that contains the map. */
    
    #map {
      height: 100%;
    }
    /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
    
    html,
    body {
      height: 100%;
      margin: 0;
      padding: 0;
    }
  </style>
</head>

<body>
  <div id="map"></div>
  <script>
    var map;
    navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(showPosition);
    function initMap() {
      map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
        center: { lat: -34.397, lng: 150.644 },
        zoom: 8
      });
    }
    function showPosition(position) {
      console.log(position);
    }
  </script>
  <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap" async defer></script>
</body>

</html>
 

  • And third, display the user's position on the map with a marker.

In order to display a marker on the map you can use the function in the example 'basics':

// Create a marker and place it on the map
var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
    position: position,
    map: map
});
 

I will no details this lines of codes very precisely. You just may to now that when you create a marker with this code: new google.maps.Marker({}); , you pass the 'marker options' enter the embraces. You can consult the google documentation here.

Also note that you can specify the position of the marker very easily with the position parameter.

Now we have to modify the showPosition function.

You can access simply to the lat and lng of the variable position like this:

  var markerPosition={};
  markerPosition.lat=position.coords.latitude;
  markerPosition.lng=position.coords.longitude;
 

Like this, google understand how to simply access to the lat and lng value.

Now we add to modify the showPosition function to add a marker in the user position.

function showPosition(position) {
    var markerPosition={};
    markerPosition.lat=position.coords.latitude;
    markerPosition.lng=position.coords.longitude;
    // Create a marker and place it on the map
    var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
        position: markerPosition,
        map: map
    });
}
 

  • Finally, your code should looks like this:
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
  <title>Simple Map</title>
  <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0">
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <style>
    /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
    
    #map {
      height: 100%;
    }
    /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
    
    html,
    body {
      height: 100%;
      margin: 0;
      padding: 0;
    }
  </style>
</head>

<body>
  <div id="map"></div>
  <script>
    var map;
    navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(showPosition);
    function initMap() {
      map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
        center: { lat: -34.397, lng: 150.644 },
        zoom: 8
      });
    }
    function showPosition(position) {
      var markerPosition={};
      markerPosition.lat=position.coords.latitude;
      markerPosition.lng=position.coords.longitude;

      // Create a marker and place it on the map
      var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
        position: markerPosition,
        map: map
      });
    }
  </script>
  <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap" async defer></script>
</body>

</html>
 

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228 Contributors: 10
Monday, July 31, 2017
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