jpa One To Many relationship


One to Many mapping is generally simply a bidirectional relationship of Many to One mapping. We will take same example that we took for Many to one mapping.

public class Employee {

    @TableGenerator(name = "employee_gen", table = "id_gen", pkColumnName = "gen_name", valueColumnName = "gen_val", allocationSize = 100)
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.TABLE, generator = "employee_gen")
    private int idemployee;
    private String firstname;
    private String lastname;
    private String email;

    @JoinColumn(name = "iddepartment")
    private Department department;

    // getters and setters    

public class Department {

    @TableGenerator(table = "id_gen", pkColumnName = "gen_name", valueColumnName = "gen_val", name = "department_gen", allocationSize = 1)
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.TABLE, generator = "department_gen")
    private int iddepartment;
    private String name;

    @OneToMany(mappedBy = "department")
    private List<Employee> employees;

    // getters and setters    

This relationship is represented in database as below. enter image description here

There are two points to remember about jpa one to many mapping:

  • The many to one side is the owning side of relationship. The column is defined on that side.
  • The one to many mapping is the inverse side side so the mappedBy element must be used on the inverse side.

Complete example can be referred here