JSON Parsing JSON string Parse JSON string in JavaScript


Example

In JavaScript, the JSON object is used to parse a JSON string. This method is only available in modern browsers (IE8+, Firefox 3.5+, etc).

When a valid JSON string is parsed, the result is a JavaScript object, array or other value.

JSON.parse('"bar of foo"')
// "bar of foo" (type string)
JSON.parse("true")
// true (type boolean)
JSON.parse("1")
// 1 (type number)
JSON.parse("[1,2,3]")
// [1, 2, 3] (type array)
JSON.parse('{"foo":"bar"}')
// {foo: "bar"} (type object)
JSON.parse("null")
// null (type object)

Invalid strings will throw a JavaScript error

JSON.parse('{foo:"bar"}')
// Uncaught SyntaxError: Unexpected token f in JSON at position 1
JSON.parse("[1,2,3,]")
// Uncaught SyntaxError: Unexpected token ] in JSON at position 7
JSON.parse("undefined")
// Uncaught SyntaxError: Unexpected token u in JSON at position 0

The JSON.parse method includes an optional reviver function which can limit or modify the parse result

JSON.parse("[1,2,3,4,5,6]", function(key, value) {
  return value > 3 ? '' : value;
})
// [1, 2, 3, "", "", ""]

var x = {};
JSON.parse('{"a":1,"b":2,"c":3,"d":4,"e":5,"f":6}', function(key, value) {
  if (value > 3) { x[key] = value; }
})
// x = {d: 4, e: 5, f: 6}

In the last example, the JSON.parse returns an undefined value. To prevent that, return the value inside the reviver function.