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Jsoup Parsing JavaScript Generated Page with Jsoup and HtmUnit


Example

page.html - source code

<html>
<head>
    <script src="loadData.js"></script>
</head>
<body onLoad="loadData()">
    <div class="container">
        <table id="data" border="1">
            <tr>
                <th>col1</th>
                <th>col2</th>
            </tr>
        </table>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

loadData.js

    // append rows and cols to table.data in page.html
    function loadData() {
        data = document.getElementById("data");
        for (var row = 0; row < 2; row++) {
            var tr = document.createElement("tr");
            for (var col = 0; col < 2; col++) {
                td = document.createElement("td");
                td.appendChild(document.createTextNode(row + "." + col));
                tr.appendChild(td);
            }
            data.appendChild(tr);
        }
    }

page.html when loaded to browser

Col1Col2
0.00.1
1.01.1

Using jsoup to parse page.html for col data

    // load source from file
    Document doc = Jsoup.parse(new File("page.html"), "UTF-8");

    // iterate over row and col
    for (Element row : doc.select("table#data > tbody > tr"))

        for (Element col : row.select("td"))
            
            // print results
            System.out.println(col.ownText());

Output

(empty)

What happened?

Jsoup parses the source code as delivered from the server (or in this case loaded from file). It does not invoke client-side actions such as JavaScript or CSS DOM manipulation. In this example, the rows and cols are never appended to the data table.

How to parse my page as rendered in the browser?

    // load page using HTML Unit and fire scripts
    WebClient webClient = new WebClient();
    HtmlPage myPage = webClient.getPage(new File("page.html").toURI().toURL());

    // convert page to generated HTML and convert to document
    doc = Jsoup.parse(myPage.asXml());
 
    // iterate row and col
    for (Element row : doc.select("table#data > tbody > tr"))

        for (Element col : row.select("td"))

            // print results
            System.out.println(col.ownText());

    // clean up resources        
    webClient.close();

Output

0.0
0.1
1.0
1.1