Getting started with openssl

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Remarks

This section provides an overview of what openssl is, and why a developer might want to use it.

It should also mention any large subjects within openssl, and link out to the related topics. Since the Documentation for openssl is new, you may need to create initial versions of those related topics.

Versions

ReleaseDate
1.1.0e2017-02-16
1.1.0d2017-01-26
1.1.0c2016-11-10
1.1.0b2016-09-26
1.1.0a2016-09-22
1.1.02016-08-25
1.0.2k2017-01-26
1.0.2j2016-09-26
1.0.2i2016-09-22
1.0.2h2016-05-03
1.0.2g2016-03-01

(De-)Initialization of openssl library

Overview

Openssl consists of 2 libraries: libcrypto and libssl . Before openssl API can be used in an application, mandatory initialization procedures are expected to be performed. Once application is done with openssl related work, it is expected to cleanup allocated resources.

Code below does complete initialization, however, developer is free to initialize only openssl stuff he is interested in.

Initialize libcrypto

ERR_load_crypto_strings();
OpenSSL_add_all_algorithms();
OPENSSL_config(NULL); // Load default configuration (e.g. openssl.conf)
 

Initialize libssl

OPENSSL_init_ssl(0, NULL);
 

Deinitialize

CONF_modules_unload(1);
EVP_cleanup();
CRYPTO_cleanup_all_ex_data();
ERR_remove_state();
ERR_free_strings();
 

Build and Install openssl on Linux/Unix Systems

Overview

These instructions are for acquiring, building, and installing openssl from source. Openssl is usually included in package managers as well.

Resources

https://github.com/openssl/openssl

Dependencies

  • make
  • perl 5
  • gcc/clang
  • git

Dependencies can be installed through a package manager such as apt, dnf, or brew.

Steps

$ cd ~/path/to/projects
$ git clone https://github.com/openssl/openssl.git
$ cd openssl
$ ./config
$ make
$ make test
$ sudo make install
 

By default, openssl will be installed to /usr/local.

Verify

$ openssl --version
 

You now have a default build of openssl installed to your machine.

Installation or Setup

OpenSSL is an open source project that provides a robust, commercial-grade, and full-featured toolkit for the Transport Layer Security (TLS) and Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocols. It is also a general-purpose cryptography library.

The OpenSSL toolkit is licensed under an Apache-style license, which basically means that you are free to get and use it for commercial and non-commercial purposes subject to some simple license conditions.

OpenSSL commands examples

Inspect ssl certificate

openssl x509 -in server.crt -noout -text
 

Generate server key

openssl genrsa -out server.key 2048
 

Generate csr

openssl req -out server.csr -key server.key -new
 

Run OpenSSL on Windows without Installing

This workaround helped us so much at my job (Tech Support), we made a simple batch file we could run from anywhere (We didnt have the permissions to install the actual exe). This workaround will run OpenSSL and open up the bin folder for you (cause this is where any files you create or modify will be saved).

How to Set Up:

  1. Download the OpenSSL binaries [here][1]. (Note that this is confirmed to work with version 0.9.8h.)

  2. Copy this code to a file named StartOpenSSL.bat. Save this to a location of your choice. It can be run from anywhere.

     @echo off
     title OpenSSL
    
     cd\openssl\bin
    
     if exist "C:\openssl\share\openssl.cnf" (
    
     set OPENSSL_CONF=c:/openssl/share/openssl.cnf
     start explorer.exe c:\openssl\bin
    
     echo Welcome to OpenSSL
    
     openssl
    
     ) else (
    
     echo Error: openssl.cnf was not found
     echo File openssl.cnf needs to be present in c:\openssl\share
     pause
    
     )
    
     exit
     
  3. Once you have downloaded the OpenSSL binaries, extract them to your C drive in a folder titled OpenSSL. (The path needs to be C:\OpenSSL). Do not move any of the folders contents around, just extract them to the folder.

  4. You are ready to use OpenSSL. This is a great workaround for Windows users who dont have the privileges to install it as it requires no permissions. Just run the bat file from earlier by double clicking it. [1]: http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/openssl.htm

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Tuesday, April 11, 2017
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