Regular Expressions Matching Simple Patterns Matching various numbers

Example

`[a-b]` where a and b are digits in the range `0` to `9`

``````[3-7] will match a single digit in the range 3 to 7.
``````

Matching multiple digits

``````\d\d       will match 2 consecutive digits
\d+        will match 1 or more consecutive digits
\d*        will match 0 or more consecutive digits
\d{3}      will match 3 consecutive digits
\d{3,6}    will match 3 to 6 consecutive digits
\d{3,}     will match 3 or more consecutive digits
``````

The `\d` in the above examples can be replaced with a number range:

``````[3-7][3-7]    will match 2 consecutive digits that are in the range 3 to 7
[3-7]+        will match 1 or more consecutive digits that are in the range 3 to 7
[3-7]*        will match 0 or more consecutive digits that are in the range 3 to 7
[3-7]{3}      will match 3 consecutive digits that are in the range 3 to 7
[3-7]{3,6}    will match 3 to 6 consecutive digits that are in the range 3 to 7
[3-7]{3,}     will match 3 or more consecutive digits that are in the range 3 to 7
``````

You can also select specific digits:

``````[13579]       will only match "odd" digits
[02468]       will only match "even" digits
1|3|5|7|9     another way of matching "odd" digits - the | symbol means OR
``````

Matching numbers in ranges that contain more than one digit:

``````\d|10        matches 0 to 10    single digit OR 10.  The | symbol means OR
[1-9]|10     matches 1 to 10    digit in range 1 to 9 OR 10
[1-9]|1[0-5] matches 1 to 15    digit in range 1 to 9 OR 1 followed by digit 1 to 5
\d{1,2}|100  matches 0 to 100   one to two digits OR 100
``````

Matching numbers that divide by other numbers:

``````\d*0         matches any number that divides by 10  - any number ending in 0
\d*00        matches any number that divides by 100 - any number ending in 00
\d*[05]      matches any number that divides by 5   - any number ending in 0 or 5
\d*[02468]   matches any number that divides by 2   - any number ending in 0,2,4,6 or 8
``````

matching numbers that divide by 4 - any number that is 0, 4 or 8 or ends in 00, 04, 08, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, 56, 60, 64, 68, 72, 76, 80, 84, 88, 92 or 96

``````[048]|\d*(00|04|08|12|16|20|24|28|32|36|40|44|48|52|56|60|64|68|72|76|80|84|88|92|96)
``````

This can be shortened. For example, instead of using `20|24|28` we can use `2[048]`. Also, as the 40s, 60s and 80s have the same pattern we can include them: `[02468][048]` and the others have a pattern too `[13579][26]`. So the whole sequence can be reduce to:

``````[048]|\d*([02468][048]|[13579][26])    - numbers divisible by 4
``````

Matching numbers that don't have a pattern like those divisible by 2,4,5,10 etc can't always be done succinctly and you usually have to resort to a range of numbers. For example matching all numbers that divide by 7 within the range of 1 to 50 can be done simple by listing all those numbers:

``````7|14|21|28|35|42|49

or you could do it this way

7|14|2[18]|35|4[29]
``````