# scikit-learn Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) Introduction to ROC and AUC

## Example

Example of Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) metric to evaluate classifier output quality.

ROC curves typically feature true positive rate on the Y axis, and false positive rate on the X axis. This means that the top left corner of the plot is the “ideal” point - a false positive rate of zero, and a true positive rate of one. This is not very realistic, but it does mean that a larger area under the curve (AUC) is usually better.

The “steepness” of ROC curves is also important, since it is ideal to maximize the true positive rate while minimizing the false positive rate.

A simple example:

``````import numpy as np
from sklearn import metrics
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
``````

Arbitrary `y` values - in real case this is the predicted target values (`model.predict(x_test)` ):

``````y = np.array([1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,2,3])
``````

Scores is the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels (`model.score(X,Y)`):

``````scores = np.array([0.3, 0.4, 0.95,0.78,0.8,0.64,0.86,0.81,0.9, 0.8])
``````

Calculate the ROC curve and the AUC:

``````fpr, tpr, thresholds = metrics.roc_curve(y, scores, pos_label=2)
roc_auc = metrics.auc(fpr, tpr)
``````

Plotting:

``````plt.figure()
plt.plot(fpr, tpr, label='ROC curve (area = %0.2f)' % roc_auc)
plt.plot([0, 1], [0, 1], 'k--')
plt.xlim([0.0, 1.0])
plt.ylim([0.0, 1.05])
plt.xlabel('False Positive Rate')
plt.ylabel('True Positive Rate') 