sh Quoting Double-Quotes


Example

Double-quotes preserve all characters other than " terminator, $ expansions, ` command substitutions, and \ escapes of any of these characters (and newline removal). Note that the literal \ is preserved unless followed by a special character.

General escapes:

$ printf "\"quoted string\"\\n"
"quoted string"
$ printf "\`\`quoted string''\n"
``quoted string''
$ printf "four\\\\nthree\\\ntwo\\none\n"
four\nthree\ntwo
one
$ echo "var=\`echo \$var\`"
var=`echo $var`
$ echo "var=\$(echo \$var)"
var=$(echo $var)

Variable expansion:

$ var=variable echo "$var \$var \\$var \\\$var"
variable $var \variable \$var

Command substitution:

$ var=variable echo "var=`echo $var`"
var=variable
$ var=variable echo "var=$(echo $var)"
var=variable

Removing newlines:

$ echo "multi\
> -line"
multi-line