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Contributors: 2
2016-10-13
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA

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The Bridge Pattern

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Example

The Bridge pattern is one of the most basic Inversion of Control design patterns. For Xamarin, this pattern is used to reference platform-dependent code from a platform-independent context. For example: using Android's AlertDialog from a Portable Class Library or Xamarin Forms. Neither of those contexts knows what an AlertDialog object is, so you must wrap it in a box for them to use.

// Define a common interface for the behavior you want in your common project (Forms/Other PCL)
public interface IPlatformReporter
{
    string GetPlatform();
}


// In Android/iOS/Win implement the interface on a class
public class DroidReporter : IPlatformReporter
{
    public string GetPlatform()
    {
        return "Android";
    }
}


public class IosReporter : IPlatformReporter
{
    public string GetPlatform()
    {
        return "iOS";
    }
}


// In your common project (Forms/Other PCL), create a common class to wrap the native implementations
public class PlatformReporter : IPlatformReporter
{
    // A function to get your native implemenation
    public static func<IPlatformReporter> GetReporter;

    // Your native implementation
    private IPlatformReporter _reporter;

    // Constructor accepts native class and stores it
    public PlatformReporter(IPlatformReporter reporter)
    {
        _reporter = GetReporter();
    }

    // Implement interface behavior by deferring to native class
    public string GetPlatform()
    {
        return _reporter.GetPlatform();
    }
}


// In your native code (probably MainActivity/AppDelegate), you just supply a function that returns your native implementation
public class MainActivity : Activity
{
    protected override void OnCreate(Bundle bundle)
    {
        base.OnCreate(bundle);
        SetContentView(Resource.Layout.activity_main);

        PlatformReporter.GetReporter = () => { return new DroidReporter(); };
    }
}


public partial class AppDelegate : UIApplicationDelegate
{
    UIWindow window;

    public override bool FinishedLaunching(UIApplication app, NSDictionary options)
    {
        window = new UIWindow(UIScreen.MainScreen.Bounds);
        window.RootViewController = new UIViewController();
        window.MakeKeyAndVisible();

        PlatformReporter.GetReporter = () => { return new IosReporter(); };

        return true;
    }
}


// When you want to use your native implementation in your common code, just do as follows:
public void SomeFuncWhoCares()
{
    // Some code here...

    var reporter = new PlatformReporter();
    string platform = reporter.GetPlatform();

    // Some more code here...
}