xaml Data Binding The basics of INotifyPropertyChanged


Example

If you do not only wish to display static objects, but have your UI respond to changes to correlating objects, you need to understand the basics of the INotifyPropertyChanged interface.

Assuming we have our MainWindowdefined as

<Window x:Class="Application.MainWindow"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:vm="clr-namespace:Application.ViewModels>
    <Window.DataContext>
       <vm:MainWindowViewModel/>
    </Window.DataContext>
    <Grid>
        <TextBlock Text={Binding Path=ApplicationStateText}" />
    </Grid>
</Window>

With our Viewmodel-Class MainWindowViewModel defined as

namespace Application.ViewModels
{
    public class MainWindowViewModel
    {
        private string _applicationStateText;

        public string ApplicationStateText
        {
            get { return _applicationStateText; }
            set { _applicationStateText = value; }
        }
        public MainWindowViewModel() 
        { 
            ApplicationStateText = "Hello World!";
        }

    }
}

the TextBlock of our Application will display the Text Hello World due to its binding. If our ApplicationStateText changes during runtime, our UI will not be notified of such change.
In order to implement this, our DataSource, in this case our MainWindowViewModel, needs to implement the Interface INotifyPropertyChanged. This will cause our Bindingsto be able to subscribe to the PropertyChangedEvent.
All we need to do is to Invoke the PropertyChangedEventHandler whenever we change our ApplicationStateText Property like this:

using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;

namespace Application.ViewModels
{
    public class MainWindowViewModel : INotifyPropertyChanged
    {
        public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;
        public void NotifyPropertyChanged( [CallerMemberName] string propertyName = null)
        {
            PropertyChanged?.Invoke(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
        }

        private string _applicationStateText;

        public string ApplicationStateText
        {
            get { return _applicationStateText; }
            set
            {
                if (_applicationStateText != value)
                {
                    _applicationStateText = value;
                    NotifyPropertyChanged();
                }
            }
        }
        public MainWindowViewModel()
        {
            ApplicationStateText = "Hello World!";
        }
    }
}

and make sure, that our Binding of TextBlock.Text actually listens to a PropertyChangedEvent:

<Window x:Class="Application.MainWindow"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:vm="clr-namespace:Application.ViewModels">
    <Window.DataContext>
       <vm:MainWindowViewModel/>
    </Window.DataContext>
    <Grid>
        <TextBlock Text={Binding Path=ApplicationStateText, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged }" />
    </Grid>
</Window>