Bash Length of parameter


Example

# Length of a string
$ var='12345'
$ echo "${#var}"
5

Note that it's the length in number of characters which is not necessarily the same as the number of bytes (like in UTF-8 where most characters are encoded in more than one byte), nor the number of glyphs/graphemes (some of which are combinations of characters), nor is it necessarily the same as the display width.

# Number of array elements
$ myarr=(1 2 3)
$ echo "${#myarr[@]}"
3

# Works for positional parameters as well
$ set -- 1 2 3 4
$ echo "${#@}"
4

# But more commonly (and portably to other shells), one would use
$ echo "$#"
4