Tutorial by Examples: collections



from collections import Counter c = Counter(["a", "b", "c", "d", "a", "b", "a", "c", "d"]) c # Out: Counter({'a': 3, 'b': 2, 'c': 2, 'd': 2}) c["a"] # Out: 3 c[7] # not in the list (7 oc...
Counting the keys of a Mapping isn't possible with collections.Counter but we can count the values: from collections import Counter adict = {'a': 5, 'b': 3, 'c': 5, 'd': 2, 'e':2, 'q': 5} Counter(adict.values()) # Out: Counter({2: 2, 3: 1, 5: 3}) The most common elements are avaiable by the m...
Counter is a dict sub class that allows you to easily count objects. It has utility methods for working with the frequencies of the objects that you are counting. import collections counts = collections.Counter([1,2,3]) the above code creates an object, counts, which has the frequencies of all ...
collections.defaultdict(default_factory) returns a subclass of dict that has a default value for missing keys. The argument should be a function that returns the default value when called with no arguments. If there is nothing passed, it defaults to None. >>> state_capitals = collections.d...
Standard Collections Java Collections framework A simple way to construct a List from individual data values is to use java.utils.Arrays method Arrays.asList: List<String> data = Arrays.asList("ab", "bc", "cd", "ab", "bc", "cd"); ...
By default, the various Collection types are not thread-safe. However, it's fairly easy to make a collection thread-safe. List<String> threadSafeList = Collections.synchronizedList(new ArrayList<String>()); Set<String> threadSafeSet = Collections.synchronizedSet(new HashSet<S...
The order of keys in Python dictionaries is arbitrary: they are not governed by the order in which you add them. For example: >>> d = {'foo': 5, 'bar': 6} >>> print(d) {'foo': 5, 'bar': 6} >>> d['baz'] = 7 >>> print(a) {'baz': 7, 'foo': 5, 'bar': 6} >&g...
All built-in Clojure collections are immutable and heterogeneous, have literal syntax, and support the conj, count, and seq functions. conj returns a new collection that is equivalent to an existing collection with an item "added", in either "constant" or logarithmic time. Wha...
Define a new type Person using namedtuple like this: Person = namedtuple('Person', ['age', 'height', 'name']) The second argument is the list of attributes that the tuple will have. You can list these attributes also as either space or comma separated string: Person = namedtuple('Person', 'age,...
This demonstrates how to print each element of a Map val map = Map(1 -> "a", 2 -> "b") for (number <- map) println(number) // prints (1,a), (2,b) for ((key, value) <- map) println(value) // prints a, b This demonstrates how to print each element of a list val l...
import pandas as pd import numpy as np np.random.seed(123) x = np.random.standard_normal(4) y = range(4) df = pd.DataFrame({'X':x, 'Y':y}) >>> df X Y 0 -1.085631 0 1 0.997345 1 2 0.282978 2 3 -1.506295 3
Iterating over List List<String> names = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList("Clementine", "Duran", "Mike")); Java SE 8 names.forEach(System.out::println); If we need parallelism use names.parallelStream().forEach(System.out::println); Java SE 5 fo...
Sometimes it is appropriate to use an immutable empty collection. The Collections class provides methods to get such collections in an efficient way: List<String> anEmptyList = Collections.emptyList(); Map<Integer, Date> anEmptyMap = Collections.emptyMap(); Set<Number> anEmptySe...
Concurrent collections are a generalization of thread-safe collections, that allow for a broader usage in a concurrent environment. While thread-safe collections have safe element addition or removal from multiple threads, they do not necessarily have safe iteration in the same context (one may not...
Using the collect() helper, you can easily create new collection instances by passing in an array such as: $fruits = collect(['oranges', 'peaches', 'pears']); If you don't want to use helper functions, you can create a new Collection using the class directly: $fruits = new Illuminate\Support\Co...
When you need to pass a collection into a Java method: import scala.collection.JavaConverters._ val scalaList = List(1, 2, 3) JavaLibrary.process(scalaList.asJava) If the Java code returns a Java collection, you can turn it into a Scala collection in a similar manner: import scala.collectio...
Collections in Java only work for objects. I.e. there is no Map<int, int> in Java. Instead, primitive values need to be boxed into objects, as in Map<Integer, Integer>. Java auto-boxing will enable transparent use of these collections: Map<Integer, Integer> map = new HashMap<&g...
Options have some useful higher-order functions that can be easily understood by viewing options as collections with zero or one items - where None behaves like the empty collection, and Some(x) behaves like a collection with a single item, x. val option: Option[String] = ??? option.map(_.trim) ...
This multimap allows duplicate key-value pairs. JDK analogs are HashMap<K, List>, HashMap<K, Set> and so on. Key's orderValue's orderDuplicateAnalog keyAnalog valueGuavaApacheEclipse (GS) CollectionsJDKnot definedInsertion-orderyesHashMapArrayListArrayListMultimapMultiValueMapFastListMu...
Compare operation with collections - Create collections 1. Create List DescriptionJDKguavags-collectionsCreate empty listnew ArrayList<>()Lists.newArrayList()FastList.newList()Create list from valuesArrays.asList("1", "2", "3")Lists.newArrayList("1", &...

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