excel-vba VBA Best Practices Work with Arrays, Not With Ranges


Office Blog - Excel VBA Performance Coding Best Practices

Often, best performance is achieved by avoiding the use of Range as much as possible. In this example we read in an entire Range object into an array, square each number in the array, and then return the array back to the Range. This accesses Range only twice, whereas a loop would access it 20 times for the read/writes.

Option Explicit
Sub WorkWithArrayExample()
Dim DataRange As Variant
Dim Irow As Long
Dim Icol As Integer
DataRange = ActiveSheet.Range("A1:A10").Value ' read all the values at once from the Excel grid, put into an array

For Irow = LBound(DataRange,1) To UBound(DataRange, 1) ' Get the number of rows.
  For Icol = LBound(DataRange,2) To UBound(DataRange, 2) ' Get the number of columns.
    DataRange(Irow, Icol) = DataRange(Irow, Icol) * DataRange(Irow, Icol) ' cell.value^2
  Next Icol
Next Irow
ActiveSheet.Range("A1:A10").Value = DataRange ' writes all the results back to the range at once
End Sub

More tips and info with timed examples can be found in Charles Williams's Writing efficient VBA UDFs (Part 1) and other articles in the series.