Django Étendre facilement le modèle d'utilisateur de Django


Exemple

Notre classe UserProfile

Créez une classe de modèle UserProfile avec la relation de OneToOne avec le modèle d' User par défaut:

from django.db import models
from django.contrib.auth.models import User
from django.db.models.signals import post_save

class UserProfile(models.Model):
    user = models.OneToOneField(User, related_name='user')
    photo = FileField(verbose_name=_("Profile Picture"),
                      upload_to=upload_to("main.UserProfile.photo", "profiles"),
                      format="Image", max_length=255, null=True, blank=True)
    website = models.URLField(default='', blank=True)
    bio = models.TextField(default='', blank=True)
    phone = models.CharField(max_length=20, blank=True, default='')
    city = models.CharField(max_length=100, default='', blank=True)
    country = models.CharField(max_length=100, default='', blank=True)
    organization = models.CharField(max_length=100, default='', blank=True)

Django Signals at work

En utilisant les signaux Django, créez un nouveau UserProfile User immédiatement après la UserProfile un objet User . Cette fonction peut être UserProfile sous la classe de modèle UserProfile dans le même fichier ou la placer où vous le souhaitez. Je m'en fous, autant que vous le référencez correctement.

def create_profile(sender, **kwargs):
    user = kwargs["instance"]
    if kwargs["created"]:
        user_profile = UserProfile(user=user)
        user_profile.save()
post_save.connect(create_profile, sender=User)

inlineformset_factory à la rescousse

Maintenant, pour vos views.py , vous pourriez avoir quelque chose comme ceci:

from django.shortcuts import render, HttpResponseRedirect
from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required
from django.contrib.auth.models import User
from .models import UserProfile
from .forms import UserForm
from django.forms.models import inlineformset_factory
from django.core.exceptions import PermissionDenied
@login_required() # only logged in users should access this
def edit_user(request, pk):
    # querying the User object with pk from url
    user = User.objects.get(pk=pk)

    # prepopulate UserProfileForm with retrieved user values from above.
    user_form = UserForm(instance=user)

    # The sorcery begins from here, see explanation https://blog.khophi.co/extending-django-user-model-userprofile-like-a-pro/
    ProfileInlineFormset = inlineformset_factory(User, UserProfile, fields=('website', 'bio', 'phone', 'city', 'country', 'organization'))
    formset = ProfileInlineFormset(instance=user)

    if request.user.is_authenticated() and request.user.id == user.id:
        if request.method == "POST":
            user_form = UserForm(request.POST, request.FILES, instance=user)
            formset = ProfileInlineFormset(request.POST, request.FILES, instance=user)

            if user_form.is_valid():
                created_user = user_form.save(commit=False)
                formset = ProfileInlineFormset(request.POST, request.FILES, instance=created_user)

                if formset.is_valid():
                    created_user.save()
                    formset.save()
                    return HttpResponseRedirect('/accounts/profile/')

        return render(request, "account/account_update.html", {
            "noodle": pk,
            "noodle_form": user_form,
            "formset": formset,
        })
    else:
        raise PermissionDenied

Notre modèle

Ensuite, account_update.html tout dans votre template account_update.html comme account_update.html :

{% load material_form %}
<!-- Material form is just a materialize thing for django forms -->
<div class="col s12 m8 offset-m2">
      <div class="card">
        <div class="card-content">
        <h2 class="flow-text">Update your information</h2>
          <form action="." method="POST" class="padding">
            {% csrf_token %} {{ noodle_form.as_p }}
            <div class="divider"></div>
            {{ formset.management_form }}
                {{ formset.as_p }}
            <button type="submit" class="btn-floating btn-large waves-light waves-effect"><i class="large material-icons">done</i></button>
            <a href="#" onclick="window.history.back(); return false;" title="Cancel" class="btn-floating waves-effect waves-light red"><i class="material-icons">history</i></a>
 
        </form>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

Extrait ci- dessus tiré de l' extension du profil utilisateur Django comme un pro