Anonymous functions are just like regular Lua functions, except they do not have a name.
doThrice(function() print("Hello!") end)
As you can see, the function is not assigned to any name like
add. To create an anonymous function, all you have to do is omit the name. These functions can also take arguments.
It is important to understand that the following code
function double(x) return x * 2 end
is actually just a shorthand for
double = function(x) return x * 2 end
However, the above function is not anonymous as the function is directly assigned to a variable!
This means that a function is a value with the same rights as conventional values like numbers and strings. Functions can be stored in variables, in tables, can be passed as arguments, and can be returned by other functions.
To demonstrate this, we'll also create a "half" function:
half = function(x) return x / 2 end
So, now we have two variables,
double, both containing a function as a value. What if we wanted to create a function that would feed the number 4 into two given functions, and compute the sum of both results?
We'll want to call this function like
sumOfTwoFunctions(double, half, 4). This will feed the
double function, the
half function, and the integer
4 into our own function.
function sumOfTwoFunctions(firstFunction, secondFunction, input) return firstFunction(input) + secondFunction(input) end
sumOfTwoFunctions function shows how functions can be passed around within arguments, and accessed by another name.