Please note that by definition `1`

is not a prime number. To check if a number `n`

is a prime we should try to find a divisor `i`

of `n`

. If we cannot, then `n`

is a prime. We have found a divisor when `n % i == 0`

evaluates to true. We only need to try odd numbers, since there's only one even prime, namely `2`

, which we'll treat as a special case. Additionally, only the numbers up to and including `sqrt(n)`

are possible divisors, because when `n = a * b`

then at least one of the factors is at most `sqrt(n)`

.

To check whether or not a number is a prime number the following algorithm can be used:

```
boolean isPrime (int n) {
if (n < 2) {
return false;
}
if (n % 2 == 0) {
return n == 2;
}
for (int i = 3; i*i <= n; i += 2) {
if (n % i == 0) {
return false;
}
}
return true ;
}
```