mongoose Mongoose Population Neglect a few fields


Example

Let's say you don't want the fields houseNum and street in the address field of the final populated doc, use the populate() as follows,

Person.findOne({_id: req.params.id})
    .populate('address', '-houseNum -street')  // note the `-` symbol
    .exec(function(err, person) {
        // do something.
        // variable `person` contains the final populated data
    });

Or

Person.findOne({_id: req.params.id}, function(err, person) {
    // do something
    // variable `person` contains the final populated data
})
.populate('address', '-houseNum -street');  // note the `-` symbol

This will produce the following final populated doc,

Populated Doc

 {
    "_id":"123abc",
    "fname":"John",
    "mname":"Kennedy",
    "lname":"Doe",
    "address":{
        "_id":"456def",
        "city":"City of the dead",
        "state":"AB",
        "country:"PH"
    }
}