This topic illustrates how to avoid adding unwanted files (or file changes) in a Git repo. There are several ways (global or local
git update-index --assume-unchanged, and
git update-index --skip-tree), but keep in mind Git is managing content, which means: ignoring actually ignores a folder content (i.e. files). An empty folder would be ignored by default, since it cannot be added anyway.
When it comes to storing, reading, or communicating data, working with the files of an operating system is both necessary and easy with Python. Unlike other languages where file input and output requires complex reading and writing objects, Python simplifies the process only needing commands to open, read/write and close the file. This topic explains how Python can interface with files on the operating system.
C++ file I/O is done via streams. The key abstractions are:
std::istream for reading text.
std::ostream for writing text.
std::streambuf for reading or writing characters.
Formatted input uses
Formatted output uses
std::locale, e.g., for details of the formatting and for translation between external encodings and the internal encoding.
More on streams: <iostream> Library