Getting started with xslt-1.0

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Remarks

This section provides an overview of what xslt-1.0 is, and why a developer might want to use it.

It should also mention any large subjects within xslt-1.0, and link out to the related topics. Since the Documentation for xslt-1.0 is new, you may need to create initial versions of those related topics.

Identity transformation using the "identity rule"

This example shows the base of almost any XSLT transformation and the most fundamental XSLT design pattern. Producing as output an XML document that is identical to the source XML document.

Source XML document:

<t>Hello, World!</t>
 

XSLT transformation:

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"  xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">
 <xsl:output omit-xml-declaration="yes" indent="yes"/>
 
  <xsl:template match="@*|node()">
    <xsl:copy>
      <xsl:apply-templates select="@*|node()"/>
    </xsl:copy>
  </xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>
 

Result: When applying this transformation on any source XML document, the output is an XML document that is identical to the source XML document. In this case:

<t>Hello, World!</t>
 

Do note:

  1. Using and overriding the identity rule is the most fundamental XSLT design pattern. This leads to simple, short and elegant solutions to fundamental tasks, such as deletion/insertion/renaming of elements, and a lot more.

  2. The identity rule/template is the one published in the W3C XSLT 1.0 Specification

Installation or Setup

An XSLT processor is necessary in order to perform any XSLT transformation. It can usually be installed via system's package manager. E.g. in Debian it can be installed with:

sudo apt-get install xsltproc
 

Minimal "Hellow World" transformation

This is a minimal possible XSLT transformation. It produces the string value of the source XML document. The output format is text .

Source XML document:

<t>Hello, World!</t>
 

XSLT transformation:

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">
  <xsl:output method="text"/>
</xsl:stylesheet>
 

Result of applying the transformation on the source XML document specified above:

Hello, World!
 

Do note:

  1. No <xsl:template> declaration is used.

  2. The wanted type of output is specified in the <xsl:output> declaration, as the value of its method attribute.

  3. When there are no matching templates the XSLT processor, following the rules of the XSLT processing model, applies the standard XSLT built-in templates and this results in copying to the output of the concatenation of all text nodes in document order. In this simple case the source XML document has just one text node with string value the string "Hello, World! ".

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Monday, September 19, 2016
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