msbuildmsbuild入门


备注

本节概述了msbuild是什么,以及开发人员可能想要使用它的原因。

它还应该提到msbuild中的任何大型主题,并链接到相关主题。由于msbuild的文档是新的,您可能需要创建这些相关主题的初始版本。

创建自定义MSBuild目标

<PropertyGroup>
     <!-- Definition of a Property named "TestCondition". A PropertyGroup may also be placed inside a Target. -->
    <TestCondition>True</TestCondition>
</PropertyGroup>

<!-- This Target will run after the "Clean" Target, subject to a Condition. -->
<Target Name="SpecificTarget" AfterTargets="Clean" Condition=" '$(TestCondition)' == 'True' ">
    <!-- Displaying a custom message -->
    <Message Text="Here is my Specific Target" Importance="Low" />
    <!-- Here come your specific code. -->
</Target>
 

你好,世界

HelloWorld.proj

<Project xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/developer/msbuild/2003" DefaultTargets="SayHello">  

    <!-- Properties can be passed as command line parameters. i.e. /p:Name=MyName 
    or /p:Name="My Name" (Use quotes if the value includes spaces) -->  
    <PropertyGroup>
        <Name Condition="'$(Name)'==''">Rolo</Name>
    </PropertyGroup>  

    <!-- Items can't be passed as command line parameters. -->   
    <!-- Items can include metadata. i.e. URL -->  
    <ItemGroup>  
        <People Include="World"/>  
        <People Include="StackOverflow">  
            <URL>http://stackoverflow.com</URL>
        </People>
        <People Include="Google">  
            <URL>http://google.com</URL>  
        </People>  
    </ItemGroup>  

    <!-- Targets can be called using it's name. i.e. /t:SayHello -->  
    <Target Name="SayHello">  
        <!-- You can have as many Tasks as required inside a Target. -->  
        <!-- Tasks can be executed conditionally. -->  
        <Message Condition="'%(People.URL)'==''" Text="Hello %(People.Identity), my name is $(Name)! "/>  
        <Message Condition="'%(People.URL)'!=''" Text="Hello %(People.Identity), my name is $(Name)!. Your URL is %(People.URL) "/>  
    </Target>  
</Project>  
 

执行:

  • msbuild HelloWorld.proj
  • msbuild HelloWorld.proj / p:Name =“John Doe”
  • msbuild HelloWorld.proj / p:Name =“Batman”/ t:SayHello

安装或设置

MSBuild 2015

在Windows上有三种选择来获取MSBuild:

在Linux上