Design patterns Static factory method Hiding direct access to constructor


Example

We can avoid providing direct access to resource intensive constructors, like for databases. public class DbConnection { private static final int MAX_CONNS = 100; private static int totalConnections = 0;

   private static Set<DbConnection> availableConnections = new HashSet<DbConnection>();

   private DbConnection()
   {
     // ...
     totalConnections++;
   }

   public static DbConnection getDbConnection()
   {
     if(totalConnections < MAX_CONNS)
     {
       return new DbConnection();
     }

     else if(availableConnections.size() > 0)
     {
         DbConnection dbc = availableConnections.iterator().next();
         availableConnections.remove(dbc);
         return dbc;
     }

     else {
       throw new NoDbConnections();
     }
   }

   public static void returnDbConnection(DbConnection dbc)
   {
     availableConnections.add(dbc);
     //...
   }
}