To perform actions in Django using commandline or other services (where the user/request is not used), you can use the
Django modules can be imported as needed.
For each command a separate file needs to be created:
commands directories must have an empty __init__.py file)
from django.core.management.base import BaseCommand, CommandError # import additional classes/modules as needed # from myapp.models import Book class Command(BaseCommand): help = 'My custom django management command' def add_arguments(self, parser): parser.add_argument('book_id', nargs='+', type=int) parser.add_argument('author' , nargs='+', type=str) def handle(self, *args, **options): bookid = options['book_id'] author = options['author'] # Your code goes here # For example: # books = Book.objects.filter(author="bob") # for book in books: # book.name = "Bob" # book.save()
Here class name Command is mandatory which extends BaseCommand or one of its subclasses.
The name of the management command is the name of the file containing it. To run the command in the example above, use the following in your project directory:
python manage.py my_command
Note that starting a command can take a few second (because of the import of the modules). So in some cases it is advised to create
daemonprocesses instead of