Fortran Arithmetic if statement


Arithmetic if statement allows one to use three branches depending on the result of an arithmetic expression

if (arith_expr) label1, label2, label3

This if statement transfers control flow to one of the labels in a code. If the result of arith_expr is negative label1 is involved, if the result is zero label2 is used, and if the result is positive last label3 is applied. Arithmetic if requires all three labels but it allows the re-use of labels, therefore this statement can be simplified to a two branch if.


if (N * N - N / 2) 130, 140, 130

if (X) 100, 110, 120

Now this feature is obsolete with the same functionality being offered by the if statement and if-else construct. For example, the fragment

    if (X) 100, 110, 120
100 print*, "Negative"
    goto 200
110 print*, "Zero"
    goto 200
120 print*, "Positive"
200 continue

may be written as the if-else construct

if (X<0) then
  print*, "Negative"
else if (X==0) then
  print*, "Zero"
  print*, "Positive"
end if

An if statement replacement for

    if (X) 100, 100, 200
100 print *, "Negative or zero"
200 continue

may be

if (X<=0) print*, "Negative or zero"