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  • UNION DISTINCT -- dedups after combining the SELECTs
  • UNION ALL -- non dedup (faster)
  • UNION -- the default is DISTINCT
  • SELECT ... UNION SELECT ... -- is OK, but ambiguous on ORDER BY
  • ( SELECT ... ) UNION ( SELECT ... ) ORDER BY ... -- resolves the ambiguity


UNION does not use multiple CPUs.

UNION always* involves a temp table to collect the results. *As of 5.7.3 / MariaDB 10.1, some forms of UNION deliver the results without using a tmp table (hence, faster).

Related Examples

Combining and merging data on different MySQL tables with the same columns into unique rows and running query