The `numpy.reshape`

(same as `numpy.ndarray.reshape`

) method returns an array of the same total size, but in a new shape:

```
print(np.arange(10).reshape((2, 5)))
# [[0 1 2 3 4]
# [5 6 7 8 9]]
```

It returns a new array, and doesn't operate in place:

```
a = np.arange(12)
a.reshape((3, 4))
print(a)
# [ 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11]
```

However, it *is* possible to overwrite the `shape`

attribute of an `ndarray`

:

```
a = np.arange(12)
a.shape = (3, 4)
print(a)
# [[ 0 1 2 3]
# [ 4 5 6 7]
# [ 8 9 10 11]]
```

This behavior might be surprising at first, but `ndarray`

s are stored in contiguous blocks of memory, and their `shape`

only specifies how this stream of data should be interpreted as a multidimensional object.

Up to one axis in the `shape`

tuple can have a value of `-1`

. `numpy`

will then infer the length of this axis for you:

```
a = np.arange(12)
print(a.reshape((3, -1)))
# [[ 0 1 2 3]
# [ 4 5 6 7]
# [ 8 9 10 11]]
```

Or:

```
a = np.arange(12)
print(a.reshape((3, 2, -1)))
# [[[ 0 1]
# [ 2 3]]
# [[ 4 5]
# [ 6 7]]
# [[ 8 9]
# [10 11]]]
```

Multiple unspecified dimensions, e.g. `a.reshape((3, -1, -1))`

are not allowed and will throw a `ValueError`

.

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