VBA Using the Excel Library to Sort a One-Dimensional Array


Example

This code takes advantage of the Sort class in the Microsoft Excel Object Library.

For further reading, see:

Sub testExcelSort()

Dim arr As Variant

InitArray arr
ExcelSort arr

End Sub

Private Sub InitArray(arr As Variant)

Const size = 10
ReDim arr(size)

Dim i As Integer

' Add descending numbers to the array to start
For i = 0 To size
    arr(i) = size - i
Next i

End Sub

Private Sub ExcelSort(arr As Variant)

' Ininitialize the Excel objects (required)
Dim xl As New Excel.Application
Dim wbk As Workbook
Set wbk = xl.Workbooks.Add
Dim sht As Worksheet
Set sht = wbk.ActiveSheet

' Copy the array to the Range object
Dim rng As Range
Set rng = sht.Range("A1")
Set rng = rng.Resize(UBound(arr, 1), 1)
rng.Value = xl.WorksheetFunction.Transpose(arr)

' Run the worksheet's sort routine on the Range
Dim MySort As Sort
Set MySort = sht.Sort
    
With MySort
    .SortFields.Clear
    .SortFields.Add rng, xlSortOnValues, xlAscending, xlSortNormal
    .SetRange rng
    .Header = xlNo
    .Apply
End With

' Copy the results back to the array
CopyRangeToArray rng, arr

' Clear the objects
Set rng = Nothing
wbk.Close False
xl.Quit

End Sub

Private Sub CopyRangeToArray(rng As Range, arr)

Dim i As Long
Dim c As Range

' Can't just set the array to Range.value (adds a dimension)
For Each c In rng.Cells
    arr(i) = c.Value
    i = i + 1
Next c

End Sub