Once you have a Dockerfile, you can build an image from it using
The basic form of this command is:
docker build -t image-name path
If your Dockerfile isn't named
Dockerfile, you can use the
-f flag to give the name of the Dockerfile to build.
docker build -t image-name -f Dockerfile2 .
For example, to build an image named
dockerbuild-example:1.0.0 from a
Dockerfile in the current working directory:
$ ls Dockerfile Dockerfile2 $ docker build -t dockerbuild-example:1.0.0 . $ docker build -t dockerbuild-example-2:1.0.0 -f Dockerfile2 .
docker build usage documentation for more options and settings.
A common mistake is creating a Dockerfile in the user home directory (
~). This is a bad idea because during
docker build -t mytag . this message will appear for a long time:
The cause is the docker daemon trying to copy all the user's files (both the home directory and it's subdirectories). Avoid this by always specifying a directory for the Dockerfile.
.dockerignore file to the build directory is a good practice. Its syntax is similar to
.gitignore files and will make sure only wanted files and directories are uploaded as the context of the build.