PHP Streams Registering a stream wrapper

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A stream wrapper provides a handler for one or more specific schemes.

The example below shows a simple stream wrapper that sends PATCH HTTP requests when the stream is closed.

// register the FooWrapper class as a wrapper for foo:// URLs.
stream_wrapper_register("foo", FooWrapper::class, STREAM_IS_URL) or die("Duplicate stream wrapper registered");

class FooWrapper {
    // this will be modified by PHP to show the context passed in the current call.
    public $context;

    // this is used in this example internally to store the URL
    private $url;

    // when fopen() with a protocol for this wrapper is called, this method can be implemented to store data like the host.
    public function stream_open(string $path, string $mode, int $options, string &$openedPath) : bool {
        $url = parse_url($path);
        if($url === false) return false;
        $this->url = $url["host"] . "/" . $url["path"];
        return true;

    // handles calls to fwrite() on this stream
    public function stream_write(string $data) : int {
        $this->buffer .= $data;
        return strlen($data);

    // handles calls to fclose() on this stream
    public function stream_close() {
        $curl = curl_init("http://" . $this->url);
        curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $this->buffer);
        curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, "PATCH");
        $this->buffer = "";

    // fallback exception handler if an unsupported operation is attempted.
    // this is not necessary.
    public function __call($name, $args) {
        throw new \RuntimeException("This wrapper does not support $name");

    // this is called when unlink("foo://something-else") is called.
    public function unlink(string $path) {
        $url = parse_url($path);
        $curl = curl_init("http://" . $url["host"] . "/" . $url["path"]);
        curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, "DELETE");

This example only shows some examples of what a generic stream wrapper would contain. These are not all methods available. A full list of methods that can be implemented can be found at

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