PHP HTTP Client Based on Ev Extension


Example

This is a sample HTTP client based on Ev extension.

Ev extension implements a simple yet powerful general purpose event loop. It doesn't provide network-specific watchers, but its I/O watcher can be used for asynchronous processing of sockets.

The following code shows how HTTP requests can be scheduled for parallel processing.

http-client.php

<?php
class MyHttpRequest {
  /// @var MyHttpClient
  private $http_client;
  /// @var string
  private $address;
  /// @var string HTTP resource such as /page?get=param
  private $resource;
  /// @var string HTTP method such as GET, POST etc.
  private $method;
  /// @var int
  private $service_port;
  /// @var resource Socket
  private $socket;
  /// @var double Connection timeout in seconds.
  private $timeout = 10.;
  /// @var int Chunk size in bytes for socket_recv()
  private $chunk_size = 20;
  /// @var EvTimer
  private $timeout_watcher;
  /// @var EvIo
  private $write_watcher;
  /// @var EvIo
  private $read_watcher;
  /// @var EvTimer
  private $conn_watcher;
  /// @var string buffer for incoming data
  private $buffer;
  /// @var array errors reported by sockets extension in non-blocking mode.
  private static $e_nonblocking = [
    11, // EAGAIN or EWOULDBLOCK
    115, // EINPROGRESS
  ];

  /**
   * @param MyHttpClient $client
   * @param string $host Hostname, e.g. google.co.uk
   * @param string $resource HTTP resource, e.g. /page?a=b&c=d
   * @param string $method HTTP method: GET, HEAD, POST, PUT etc.
   * @throws RuntimeException
   */
  public function __construct(MyHttpClient $client, $host, $resource, $method) {
    $this->http_client = $client;
    $this->host        = $host;
    $this->resource    = $resource;
    $this->method      = $method;

    // Get the port for the WWW service
    $this->service_port = getservbyname('www', 'tcp');

    // Get the IP address for the target host
    $this->address = gethostbyname($this->host);

    // Create a TCP/IP socket
    $this->socket = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP);
    if (!$this->socket) {
      throw new RuntimeException("socket_create() failed: reason: " .
        socket_strerror(socket_last_error()));
    }

    // Set O_NONBLOCK flag
    socket_set_nonblock($this->socket);

    $this->conn_watcher = $this->http_client->getLoop()
      ->timer(0, 0., [$this, 'connect']);
  }

  public function __destruct() {
    $this->close();
  }

  private function freeWatcher(&$w) {
    if ($w) {
      $w->stop();
      $w = null;
    }
  }

  /**
   * Deallocates all resources of the request
   */
  private function close() {
    if ($this->socket) {
      socket_close($this->socket);
      $this->socket = null;
    }

    $this->freeWatcher($this->timeout_watcher);
    $this->freeWatcher($this->read_watcher);
    $this->freeWatcher($this->write_watcher);
    $this->freeWatcher($this->conn_watcher);
  }

  /**
   * Initializes a connection on socket
   * @return bool
   */
  public function connect() {
    $loop = $this->http_client->getLoop();

    $this->timeout_watcher = $loop->timer($this->timeout, 0., [$this, '_onTimeout']);
    $this->write_watcher = $loop->io($this->socket, Ev::WRITE, [$this, '_onWritable']);

    return socket_connect($this->socket, $this->address, $this->service_port);
  }

  /**
   * Callback for timeout (EvTimer) watcher
   */
  public function _onTimeout(EvTimer $w) {
    $w->stop();
    $this->close();
  }

  /**
   * Callback which is called when the socket becomes wriable
   */
  public function _onWritable(EvIo $w) {
    $this->timeout_watcher->stop();
    $w->stop();

    $in = implode("\r\n", [
      "{$this->method} {$this->resource} HTTP/1.1",
      "Host: {$this->host}",
      'Connection: Close',
    ]) . "\r\n\r\n";

    if (!socket_write($this->socket, $in, strlen($in))) {
      trigger_error("Failed writing $in to socket", E_USER_ERROR);
      return;
    }

    $loop = $this->http_client->getLoop();
    $this->read_watcher = $loop->io($this->socket,
      Ev::READ, [$this, '_onReadable']);

    // Continue running the loop
    $loop->run();
  }

  /**
   * Callback which is called when the socket becomes readable
   */
  public function _onReadable(EvIo $w) {
    // recv() 20 bytes in non-blocking mode
    $ret = socket_recv($this->socket, $out, 20, MSG_DONTWAIT);

    if ($ret) {
      // Still have data to read. Append the read chunk to the buffer.
      $this->buffer .= $out;
    } elseif ($ret === 0) {
      // All is read
      printf("\n<<<<\n%s\n>>>>", rtrim($this->buffer));
      fflush(STDOUT);
      $w->stop();
      $this->close();
      return;
    }

    // Caught EINPROGRESS, EAGAIN, or EWOULDBLOCK
    if (in_array(socket_last_error(), static::$e_nonblocking)) {
      return;
    }

    $w->stop();
    $this->close();
  }
}

/////////////////////////////////////
class MyHttpClient {
  /// @var array Instances of MyHttpRequest
  private $requests = [];
  /// @var EvLoop
  private $loop;

  public function __construct() {
    // Each HTTP client runs its own event loop
    $this->loop = new EvLoop();
  }

  public function __destruct() {
    $this->loop->stop();
  }

  /**
   * @return EvLoop
   */
  public function getLoop() {
    return $this->loop;
  }

  /**
   * Adds a pending request
   */
  public function addRequest(MyHttpRequest $r) {
    $this->requests []= $r;
  }

  /**
   * Dispatches all pending requests
   */
  public function run() {
    $this->loop->run();
  }
}


/////////////////////////////////////
// Usage
$client = new MyHttpClient();
foreach (range(1, 10) as $i) {
  $client->addRequest(new MyHttpRequest($client, 'my-host.local', '/test.php?a=' . $i, 'GET'));
}
$client->run();

Testing

Suppose http://my-host.local/test.php script is printing the dump of $_GET:

<?php
echo 'GET: ', var_export($_GET, true), PHP_EOL;

Then the output of php http-client.php command will be similar to the following:

<<<<
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: nginx/1.10.1
Date: Fri, 02 Dec 2016 12:39:54 GMT
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Connection: close
X-Powered-By: PHP/7.0.13-pl0-gentoo

1d
GET: array (
  'a' => '3',
)

0
>>>>
<<<<
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: nginx/1.10.1
Date: Fri, 02 Dec 2016 12:39:54 GMT
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Connection: close
X-Powered-By: PHP/7.0.13-pl0-gentoo

1d
GET: array (
  'a' => '2',
)

0
>>>>
...

(trimmed)

Note, in PHP 5 the sockets extension may log warnings for EINPROGRESS, EAGAIN, and EWOULDBLOCK errno values. It is possible to turn off the logs with

error_reporting(E_ERROR);