Scala Language Pattern Matching Matching Multiple Patterns At Once


Example

The | can be used to have a single case statement match against multiple inputs to yield the same result:

def f(str: String): String = str match {
  case "foo" | "bar" => "Matched!"
  case _ => "No match."
}

f("foo")  // res0: String = Matched!
f("bar")  // res1: String = Matched!
f("fubar")  // res2: String = No match.

Note that while matching values this way works well, the following matching of types will cause problems:

sealed class FooBar
case class Foo(s: String) extends FooBar
case class Bar(s: String) extends FooBar

val d = Foo("Diana")
val h = Bar("Hadas")

// This matcher WILL NOT work.
def matcher(g: FooBar):String = {
  g match {
    case Foo(s) | Bar(s) => print(s)  // Won't work: s cannot be resolved
    case Foo(_) | Bar(_) => _         // Won't work: _ is an unbound placeholder
    case _ => "Could not match"
  }
}

If in the latter case (with _) you don't need the value of the unbound variable and just want to do something else, you're fine:

def matcher(g: FooBar):String = {
  g match {
    case Foo(_) | Bar(_) => "Is either Foo or Bar."  // Works fine
    case _ => "Could not match"
  }
}

Otherwise, you are left with splitting your cases:

def matcher(g: FooBar):String = {
  g match {
    case Foo(s) => s 
    case Bar(s) => s
    case _ => "Could not match"
  }
}