F# Data Types

Some types are considered primitive types, such as the Boolean type bool and integral and floating-point types of various sizes, including types for bytes and characters, etc. These types are described in Primitive Types. Other types built into the language include tuples, lists, arrays, sequences, records, and discriminated unions.

  • If you have experience with other .NET languages and are learning F#, you should read the topics for each of these types.
  • These F#-specific types support styles of programming that are common to functional programming languages.
  • Many of these types have associated modules in the F# library that support common operations on these types.

The following table contains the basic types that are the most fundamental in F# and are a superset of .NET primitive types.

Type .NET Type Description
bool Boolean Possible values are true and false.
byte Byte Values from 0 to 255. Example: 1uy
sbyte SByte Values from -128 to 127. Example: 1y
int16 Int16 Values from -32768 to 32767. Example: 1s
uint16 UInt16 Values from 0 to 65535. Example: 1us
int Int32 Values from -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647. Example: 1
uint UInt32 Values from 0 to 4,294,967,295. Example: 1u
int64 Int64 Values from -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 to 9,223,372,036,854,775,807. Example: 1L
uint64 UInt64 Values from 0 to 18,446,744,073,709,551,615. Example: 1UL
nativeint IntPtr A native pointer as a signed integer. Example: nativeint 1
unativeint UIntPtr A native pointer as an unsigned integer. Example: unativeint 1
decimal Decimal A floating point data type that has at least 28 significant digits. Example: 1.0
float, double Double A 64-bit floating point type. Example: 1.0
float32, single Single A 32-bit floating point type. Example: 1.0f
char Char Unicode character values. Example: 'c'
string String Unicode text. Example: "str"
unit not applicable Indicates the absence of an actual value. The type has only one formal value, which is denoted (). The unit value, (), is often used as a placeholder where a value is needed but no real value is available or makes sense. Example: ()

Let's consider the following example.

let myInt = 5
let myFloat = 3.14
let myString = "hello"