Go Constants Typed vs. Untyped Constants


Constants in Go may be typed or untyped. For instance, given the following string literal:


one might say that the type of the literal is string, however, this is not semantically correct. Instead, literals are Untyped string constants. It is a string (more correctly, its default type is string), but it is not a Go value and therefore has no type until it is assigned or used in a context that is typed. This is a subtle distinction, but a useful one to understand.

Similarly, if we assign the literal to a constant:

const foo = "bar"

It remains untyped since, by default, constants are untyped. It is possible to declare it as a typed string constant as well:

const typedFoo string = "bar"

The difference comes into play when we attempt to assign these constants in a context that does have type. For instance, consider the following:

var s string
s = foo      // This works just fine
s = typedFoo // As does this

type MyString string
var mys MyString
mys = foo      // This works just fine
mys = typedFoo // cannot use typedFoo (type string) as type MyString in assignment