Go Formatting text


Package fmt implements functions to print and format text using format verbs. Verbs are represented with a percent sign.

General verbs:

%v    // the value in a default format
      // when printing structs, the plus flag (%+v) adds field names
%#v   // a Go-syntax representation of the value
%T    // a Go-syntax representation of the type of the value
%%    // a literal percent sign; consumes no value


%t    // the word true or false


%b    // base 2
%c    // the character represented by the corresponding Unicode code point
%d    // base 10
%o    // base 8
%q    // a single-quoted character literal safely escaped with Go syntax.
%x    // base 16, with lower-case letters for a-f
%X    // base 16, with upper-case letters for A-F
%U    // Unicode format: U+1234; same as "U+%04X"

Floating-point and complex constituents:

%b    // decimalless scientific notation with exponent a power of two,
      // in the manner of strconv.FormatFloat with the 'b' format,
      // e.g. -123456p-78
%e    // scientific notation, e.g. -1.234456e+78
%E    // scientific notation, e.g. -1.234456E+78
%f    // decimal point but no exponent, e.g. 123.456
%F    // synonym for %f
%g    // %e for large exponents, %f otherwise
%G    // %E for large exponents, %F otherwise

String and slice of bytes (treated equivalently with these verbs):

%s    // the uninterpreted bytes of the string or slice
%q    // a double-quoted string safely escaped with Go syntax
%x    // base 16, lower-case, two characters per byte
%X    // base 16, upper-case, two characters per byte


%p    // base 16 notation, with leading 0x

Using the verbs, you can create strings concatenating multiple types:

text1 := fmt.Sprintf("Hello %s", "World")
text2 := fmt.Sprintf("%d + %d = %d", 2, 3, 5)
text3 := fmt.Sprintf("%s, %s (Age: %d)", "Obama", "Barack", 55)

The function Sprintf formats the string in the first parameter replacing the verbs with the value of the values in the next parameters and returns the result. Like Sprintf, the function Printf also formats but instead of returning the result it prints the string.