Go Basic Pointers


Example

Go supports pointers, allowing you to pass references to values and records within your program.

package main

import "fmt"

// We'll show how pointers work in contrast to values with
// 2 functions: `zeroval` and `zeroptr`. `zeroval` has an
// `int` parameter, so arguments will be passed to it by
// value. `zeroval` will get a copy of `ival` distinct
// from the one in the calling function.
func zeroval(ival int) {
    ival = 0
}

// `zeroptr` in contrast has an `*int` parameter, meaning
// that it takes an `int` pointer. The `*iptr` code in the
// function body then _dereferences_ the pointer from its
// memory address to the current value at that address.
// Assigning a value to a dereferenced pointer changes the
// value at the referenced address.
func zeroptr(iptr *int) {
    *iptr = 0
}

Once these functions are defined, you can do the following:

func main() {
    i := 1
    fmt.Println("initial:", i) // initial: 1

    zeroval(i)
    fmt.Println("zeroval:", i) // zeroval: 1
    // `i` is still equal to 1 because `zeroval` edited
    // a "copy" of `i`, not the original.

    // The `&i` syntax gives the memory address of `i`,
    // i.e. a pointer to `i`. When calling `zeroptr`,
    // it will edit the "original" `i`.
    zeroptr(&i)
    fmt.Println("zeroptr:", i) // zeroptr: 0

    // Pointers can be printed too.
    fmt.Println("pointer:", &i) // pointer: 0x10434114
}

Try this code