Go GET with URL parameters and a JSON response


Example

A request for the top 10 most recently active StackOverflow posts using the Stack Exchange API.

package main

import (
    "encoding/json"
    "fmt"
    "net/http"
    "net/url"
)

const apiURL = "https://api.stackexchange.com/2.2/posts?"

// Structs for JSON decoding
type postItem struct {
    Score int    `json:"score"`
    Link  string `json:"link"`
}

type postsType struct {
    Items []postItem `json:"items"`
}

func main() {
    // Set URL parameters on declaration
    values := url.Values{
        "order": []string{"desc"},
        "sort":  []string{"activity"},
        "site":  []string{"stackoverflow"},
    }

    // URL parameters can also be programmatically set
    values.Set("page", "1")
    values.Set("pagesize", "10")

    resp, err := http.Get(apiURL + values.Encode())
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    defer resp.Body.Close()

    // To compare status codes, you should always use the status constants
    // provided by the http package.
    if resp.StatusCode != http.StatusOK {
        panic("Request was not OK: " + resp.Status)
    }

    // Example of JSON decoding on a reader.
    dec := json.NewDecoder(resp.Body)
    var p postsType
    err = dec.Decode(&p)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    fmt.Println("Top 10 most recently active StackOverflow posts:")
    fmt.Println("Score", "Link")
    for _, post := range p.Items {
        fmt.Println(post.Score, post.Link)
    }
}