MATLAB Language Arrows


Example

Firstly, one can use quiver, where one doesn't have to deal with unhandy normalized figure units by use of annotation

drawArrow = @(x,y) quiver( x(1),y(1),x(2)-x(1),y(2)-y(1),0 )    

x1 = [10 30];
y1 = [10 30];

drawArrow(x1,y1); hold on

x2 = [25 15];
y2 = [15 25];

drawArrow(x2,y2)

enter image description here

Important is the 5th argument of quiver: 0 which disables an otherwise default scaling, as this function is usually used to plot vector fields. (or use the property value pair 'AutoScale','off')

One can also add additional features:

drawArrow = @(x,y,varargin) quiver( x(1),y(1),x(2)-x(1),y(2)-y(1),0, varargin{:} )       
drawArrow(x1,y1); hold on
drawArrow(x2,y2,'linewidth',3,'color','r')

enter image description here

If different arrowheads are desired, one needs to use annotations (this answer is may helpful How do I change the arrow head style in quiver plot?).

The arrow head size can be adjust with the 'MaxHeadSize' property. It's not consistent unfortunately. The axes limits need to be set afterwards.

x1 = [10 30];
y1 = [10 30];
drawArrow(x1,y1,{'MaxHeadSize',0.8,'Color','b','LineWidth',3}); hold on

x2 = [25 15];
y2 = [15 25];
drawArrow(x2,y2,{'MaxHeadSize',10,'Color','r','LineWidth',3}); hold on

xlim([1, 100])
ylim([1, 100])

enter image description here

There is another tweak for adjustable arrow heads:

function [ h ] = drawArrow( x,y,xlimits,ylimits,props )

xlim(xlimits)
ylim(ylimits)

h = annotation('arrow');
set(h,'parent', gca, ...
    'position', [x(1),y(1),x(2)-x(1),y(2)-y(1)], ...
    'HeadLength', 10, 'HeadWidth', 10, 'HeadStyle', 'cback1', ...
    props{:} );

end

which you can call from your script as follows:

drawArrow(x1,y1,[1, 100],[1, 100],{'Color','b','LineWidth',3}); hold on
drawArrow(x2,y2,[1, 100],[1, 100],{'Color','r','LineWidth',3}); hold on

enter image description here