Objective-C Language Singletons Creating Singleton class and also preventing it from having multiple instances using alloc/init.


Example

We can create Singleton class in such a way that developers are forced to used the shared instance (singleton object) instead of creating their own instances.

@implementation MySingletonClass

+ (instancetype)sharedInstance
{
    static MySingletonClass *_sharedInstance = nil;
    static dispatch_once_t oncePredicate;
    dispatch_once(&oncePredicate, ^{
        _sharedInstance = [[self alloc] initClass];
    });
    
    return _sharedInstance;
}

-(instancetype)initClass
{
    self = [super init];
    if(self)
    {
        //Do any additional initialization if required
    }
    return self;
}

- (instancetype)init
{
    @throw [NSException exceptionWithName:@"Not designated initializer"
                                   reason:@"Use [MySingletonClass sharedInstance]"
                                 userInfo:nil];
    return nil;
}
@end



/*Following line will throw an exception 
  with the Reason:"Use [MySingletonClass sharedInstance]" 
  when tried to alloc/init directly instead of using sharedInstance */
MySingletonClass *mySingletonClass = [[MySingletonClass alloc] init];