Rust Cross-thread communication with channels


Example

Channels can be used to send data from one thread to another. Below is an example of a simple producer-consumer system, where the main thread produces the values 0, 1, ..., 9, and the spawned thread prints them:

use std::thread;
use std::sync::mpsc::channel;

fn main() {
    // Create a channel with a sending end (tx) and a receiving end (rx).
    let (tx, rx) = channel();

    // Spawn a new thread, and move the receiving end into the thread.
    let join_handle = thread::spawn(move || {
        // Keep receiving in a loop, until tx is dropped!
        while let Ok(n) = rx.recv() { // Note: `recv()` always blocks
            println!("Received {}", n);
        }
    });

    // Note: using `rx` here would be a compile error, as it has been
    // moved into the spawned thread.

    // Send some values to the spawned thread. `unwrap()` crashes only if the
    // receiving end was dropped before it could be buffered.
    for i in 0..10 {
        tx.send(i).unwrap(); // Note: `send()` never blocks
    }

    // Drop `tx` so that `rx.recv()` returns an `Err(_)`.
    drop(tx);

    // Wait for the spawned thread to finish.
    join_handle.join().unwrap();
}