Haskell's function call syntax, explained with comparisons to C-style languages where applicable. This is aimed at people who are coming to Haskell from a background in C-style languages.
In general, the rule for converting a C-style function call to Haskell, in any context (assignment, return, or embedded in another call), is to replace the commas in the C-style argument list with whitespace, and move the opening parenthesis from the C-style call to contain the function name and its parameters.
If any expressions are wrapped entirely in parentheses, these (external) pairs of parentheses can be removed for readability, as they do not affect the meaning of the expression.
There are some other circumstances where parentheses can be removed, but this only affects readability and maintainability.